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At the end of May 2010, just a year
ago, the IDF had to forcibly board a private Turkish ship, bearing that
country’s flag, as it attempted to illegally enter Gaza with humanitarian
supplies. Nine Turkish citizens who resisted the IDF were killed in the
After initially defending the right of activists to sail once again
for Gaza, earlier this month Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu urged the
flotilla organizers to halt their plans.
He asked them to wait instead
until it could be determined Gaza life had improved in light of last month’s
opening of the Rafah crossing, along with recent reconciliation between Fatah
In response, the Turkish group IHH said it would reconsider
its participation in the flotilla.
Adam Shapiro of the Free Gaza
Movement, who is an organizer of the second Gaza Flotilla, said the IHH will
give an official announcement at a press conference on Friday on whether or not
it will join the flotilla. The rest of 10 ships on the flotilla will likely set
sail for Gaza regardless, Shapiro said.
In addition, on Thursday, in
coordination with the IDF, a truckload of medical supplies bearing the seal of
the Turkish Red Crescent entered Gaza from Israel.
But Turkish experts in
Israel warn that the turn-around in Turkey’s attitude does not reflect a thaw in
the tense and troubled relationship between the two countries.
be seen instead as a reaction to regional events – particularly the flow of
thousands of Syrian refugees into Turkey – and the possible disintegration of
the Syrian regime.
Moshe Maoz, an Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies
professor at Hebrew University, said Turkey is still angry at Israel over last
year’s flotilla raid, and is still demanding an apology.
“The rage is
still there,” he said.
But this year, all of Turkey’s energies are
focused on Syria, said Alon Liel, who was Israel’s Charge d’Affaires in Ankara,
and the former director-general of the Foreign Ministry.
overwhelmed now with the problems that are going on in Syria,” he
Outside of the influx of refugees, it is seeking to distance itself
from Syrian President Bashar Assad, Liel said. There is also the possibility of
military intervention in Syria by the international community. Additionally,
Turkey is very involved with what is happening in Egypt, he said.
run-up to the election last Saturday, Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip
Erdogan toned down his anti-Israel rhetoric to woo the secular Western
Experts speculated that the absence of tension between the two
countries could in and of itself help foster a better atmosphere that could open
the door to a more positive relationship.
Efrat Aviv, a lecturer at Bar
Ilan University whose research focuses on Turkey, said it was possible that
Turkish-Israeli ties could improve in the future.
toward the flotilla and Israel could have been influenced by the United States,
which had offered it a larger role in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process if
it took steps to halt another Gaza flotilla.
It is important to note, she
said, that Turkey is a world power with ties to America and China. It has been a
mediator in other conflicts, such as the one between Pakistan and
In the past, it mediated between Israel and Syria. If it
wants to play a role now as a mediator between Israel and the Palestinians, it
has to adopt a more balanced attitude towards Israel.