The Library of Congress has recently digitalized a collection of over 10,000 photographs, taken by the "American Colony" in Jerusalem, a group of Christian utopians who lived in Jerusalem between 1881 and the 1940s. The photographers returned to the US, and bequeathed their massive collection to the Library of Congress in 1978. The collection includes Winston Churchill's visit to Jerusalem, Jewish expulsions from the Old City during Arab riots, and the building of Tel Aviv.

During the times of the Jewish Temple, Jews made three annual pilgrimages to Jerusalem, on Passover, Sukkot and Shavuot.

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Christians and Muslims also have a longstanding tradition of pilgrimage to the Holy Land, as evidenced in these photographs from the Library of Congress collection.

More photos can be viewed at