(photo credit: Israel21C)
The earlier cancer is detected, the better the odds of a cure. It's as simple as that.
And while it's not so simple to find cancerous cells before they have multiplied enough to be noticeable, it might not be long before health care workers can start stocking an American-Israeli bio-tech company's diagnostic kit that can detect increased risk for breast cancer.
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Earlier this summer, a subsidiary of Ramat Gan-based Micromedic Technologies submitted an application to the US Food and Drug Administration for approval to begin testing the kit's effectiveness in clinical use. Already, clinical studies at Hadassah Medical Center in Jerusalem show that the kit achieves a nearly perfect rate of detection sensitivity.
This significant advance in the war on cancer is predicated on a fairly new ability to find abnormal genes or proteins called bio-markers.
"When we see a tumor, it is usually too late to be completely cured," Micromedic's former CEO David Solomon explains. "The only way to find cancer before the body starts to generate a tumor is by looking for specific molecules - biomarkers - indicating something is wrong although there still is no clinical evidence. If we can link these 'early' molecules and the eventual medical event, we will have promising results enabling early detection and leading to increased survival rates."
Identifying bio-markers has only been possible in the past few years,
thanks to data coming out of the landmark Human Genome Project. This
information offers scientists an unprecedented glimpse into the codes
embedded in every cell of the body. Best of all, these abnormal
molecules can be detected non-invasively, by sampling blood, urine,
saliva or body tissue.
In addition to anticipated clinical trials in the United States, the
company also plans to begin trials in Europe next year. Meanwhile, at
the end of August another Micromedic subsidiary signed a strategic
cooperation agreement with Israel's Clalit Health Services to begin
clinical trials of a bio-marker for the early detection of colon cancer.
The first trial will test 200 samples taken from volunteers at two
Israeli medical centers.
Cancer is not the only condition Micromedic researchers are targeting.
The publicly traded company, founded in 2005, has four separately
licensed subsidiaries. Each is developing diagnostic kits for specific
diseases: Cancer of the colon, breast, head and neck, in addition to
Three of Micromedic's R&D projects are being carried out in the US.
Research into head and neck cancer biomarkers, for example, is conducted
in collaboration with the University of Florida. Additional studies are
conducted by scientists at Israeli academic and research centers such
as Hadassah, Tel Aviv Medical Center, and The Technion-Israel Institute
of Technology. The company's headquarters near Tel Aviv handles
licensing and commercializing.
If Micromedic's kits hit the market, the potential is huge not just for
preventing serious conditions from advancing, or vanquishing them once
they've started, but also for more precise and individualized methods of
monitoring and treatment.