Child receives shot 370.
(photo credit: reuters)
The United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights included in
its annual report a chapter on dangers facing children written by Beterem,
Israel’s National Center for Child Safety and Health, it said on
Beterem was asked to write a chapter on harm posed to children
around the world, while other chapters related to fertility, poor nutrition,
obesity, mental health, violence and drug abuse.
The OHCHR was
established by the UN general assembly in 1993 following the convening of the
World Conference on Human Rights. It works to promote and protect the human
rights that are guaranteed under international law and stipulated in the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948.
Beterem wrote that every
year, 6.9 million children die before they reach their fifth birthday. More than
twothirds of the deaths result from disease and from harm that can be prevented
and treated. The danger to children is more pronounced in low economic
neighborhoods with poor education systems, it said.
The Beterem chapter
was sent via UNICEF Israel to the UN’s Committee for Children’s Rights. It said
that falls, burns, drowning, choking and road accidents among children aged five
to nine are liable to cause serious physical disability. Accidents are the
leading cause of death in young people aged 10 to 24.
and enforcement are needed around the world to reduce accidents, along with
education to increased awareness, community empowerment, treatment and
rehabilitation services, said Beterem. It also noted the danger of “games” in
which children go as far as they can to faint or to be choked, and may face
The UN’s Committee on Children’s Rights, which
published its recommendations in March, included a specific recommendation by
Beterem on how to prevent children’s accidents.
In Israel alone, about
500 children per day are taken to hospital emergency rooms to be treated for
accidents in or near the home or on the road. Nearly 150 of the cases are fatal.