Canada PM Harper with British PM Cameron 311.
(photo credit: REUTERS)
DEAUVILLE, France - Group of Eight leaders had to soften a statement urging Israel and the Palestinians to return to negotiations because Canada objected to a specific mention of 1967 borders, diplomats said on Friday.
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Canada's right-leaning Conservative government has adopted a staunchly pro-Israel position in international negotiations since coming to power in 2006, with Prime Minister Stephen Harper saying Canada will back Israel whatever the cost.
Diplomats involved in Middle East discussions at the G8 summit said Ottawa had insisted that no mention of Israel's pre-1967 borders be made in the leaders' final communique, even though most of the other leaders wanted a mention.
"The Canadians were really very adamant, even though Obama expressly
referred to 1967 borders in his speech last week," one European diplomat
A spokesman for Harper would not comment on the line Canada had taken,
saying only that the final communique would make positions clear.
In the final communique, a copy of which was obtained by Reuters, the
leaders call for the immediate resumption of peace talks but do not
mention 1967, the year Israel seized the West Bank and Gaza from Jordan
and Egypt during the Six-Day War.
"Negotiations are the only way toward a comprehensive and lasting resolution to the conflict," the communique said.
"The framework for these negotiations is well known. We urge both
parties to return to substantive talks with a view to concluding a
framework agreement on all final status issues.
"To that effect, we express our strong support for the vision of Israeli-Palestinian peace outlined by President Obama on May 19, 2011
In his speech last week, Obama said pre-1967 borders should be a basis
of talks to achieve a negotiated settlement, although he also
acknowledged any agreement would ultimately involve land swaps on either
side of the border.
That position was rejected by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu
, who said Israel would be indefensible if it returned entirely to the borders that existed before 1967.
Canada's strong backing for Israel was cited by diplomats last year as
one reason why Ottawa failed to win a rotating two-year seat on the
United Nations Security Council.
Harper has made is position on Israel very clear, saying last year:
"When Israel, the only country in the world whose very existence is
under attack, is consistently and conspicuously singled out for
condemnation, I believe we are morally obligated to take a stand."