German cucumbers E.coli.
(photo credit: REUTERS/Fabian Bimmer)
BERLIN/HAMBURG - German ministers on Wednesday defended their response to the E.coli outbreak that has killed 27 people and signaled possible changes in the way the country handles health crises in the future.
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The German government has been criticized at home and around Europe for failing so far to pin down the cause of the outbreak that has stricken more than 2,700 people in 12 countries. All cases have been traced back to near Hamburg in northern Germany.
About a quarter of E.coli patients in the latest outbreak have developed a severe complication called haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) affecting the blood, kidneys and nervous system.
"The E.coli and HUS outbreak in Germany is so severe that we have to react very quickly to announce these recommendations and we still can't give the all-clear," said Health Minister Daniel Bahr, referring to warnings not to eat certain raw vegetables, such as bean sprouts but also cucumbers, tomatoes and lettuce.
The European Union on Wednesday upped compensation to 210 million euros from 150 million for farmers hit by plummeting sales, after Germany first blamed cucumbers from Spain and other salad vegetables, and then German bean sprouts.
The economic damage to Europe's farming industry -- with organic producers singled out for suspicion because they use manure rather than chemical fertilizer, putting crops more at risk of contamination -- could reach half a billion euros. A German organic producers' association said it was not enough to compensate farmers for under a third of their losses.
Although the hunt for the source of infection now focuses on bean sprouts grown in Germany, cucumbers were back in the spotlight after traces of the E.coli strain were found in the eastern state of Saxony-Anhalt on cucumbers in a family's rubbish.
"There's no definitive proof the cucumber is the source of the E.coli outbreak," a state official said, adding that it was unclear when or how the cucumber became contaminated.
Germany has been criticized for hastily blaming Spanish cucumbers for the outbreak -- which it later withdrew -- and the lack of conclusive evidence that German sprouts are indeed the source. Excessive bureaucracy at federal and state level has also been blamed for slow crisis response.
Bahr said federal and regional health and food safety bodies would undertake an "immediate evaluation" of how they cooperate in what looks like the deadliest ever outbreak of E.coli.
The Robert Koch Institute, Germany's disease control body, reported an additional 318 E.coli-related cases on Wednesday.
"There will be new cases and unfortunately we have to expect more deaths, but the number of new infections is dropping significantly," Bahr said.
Speaking at a news conference with EU health chief John Dalli and German
health officials, Bahr said that a slowdown in the number of new
infections was cause for "cautious optimism".
But he conceded that the source of the outbreak may never be positively identified, as scientists have warned.
Analysis of samples from restaurants, canteens and kitchens which
prepared food where patients ate has failed to yield conclusive evidence
for the theory that organic sprouts from a farm in the state of Lower
Saxony were to blame.