A left-leaning umbrella organization active in fighting for the rights of
non-Orthodox Jewish expression and Arab equality has begun a campaign to
encourage haredi women to protest against gender segregation on buses and in
other public places.
"In recent years, discrimination against women has emerged
predominately in public buses, where women are forced to sit in the back; at
holy sites such as the Western Wall, where women are not allowed to practice
religion as they wish; and on sidewalks, where they are even not allowed to
walk certain pavements in Jerusalem," the New Israel Fund said in a
statement on Monday.
The fund has facilitated the creation of a hotline called Hashmi'eini (make
your voice heard to me), taken from a verse in the Song of Songs, as well as a
blog on the Internet forum Tapuz that encourages haredi women to complain about
negative incidents that they have witnessed or have experienced firsthand.
The organizations involved with the hotline ((02) 671-1911) and the blog
prefer to remain anonymous for fear that haredi women will be scared off if
they know who is behind the initiative.
"Since the hotline was launched this week, we have had six callers,
five of them men, who have complained about various incidents," said A.,
who helps manage the hotline and blog.
"One woman who identified herself as haredi said that she got on a bus
with heavy grocery bags," said A.
"The woman said that she tried her best to move to the back of the bus,
because she really wanted to respect the separation. She thought that she had
passed the demarcation line, but a group of men yelled at her to move further
A. said that the men who called mainly complained about the use of violence
by haredi male passengers to enforce the segregation.
There have been numerous incidents in which men have used violence,
including beatings, to enforce segregation.
In a recent incident in
roles were reversed. A haredi man confronted a woman who sat at the front of
the bus, and she hit him with pepper spray. The woman was arrested.
The NIF and the other organizations were unable to arrange for The
to talk with haredi women who are opposed to the segregation
or the way it is enforced. This was due to the unwillingness of the women to
come forward, and to time constraints.
In contrast, Riki Shoshan, a veteran female journalist and the daughter of a
deceased Hassidic leader, said that instead of trying to fight against gender
segregation on buses and in other public places the NIF should
"Anyone who has ever traveled on a packed bus, especially in the summer
when it is very hot and people are thrown together, will admit that it is a
good thing to separate men and women," said Shoshan.
"It humiliates me to have my modesty compromised by being shoved into a
man on the bus. Haredi women have different standards for what is acceptable
than the secular public. It is an affront to us to be in such situations."
Shoshan explained that the vast majority of haredim do not have their own
cars and are therefore completely dependent on buses.
In response to allegations that haredi men were using violence to enforce segregation,
Shoshan said that the Torah totally forbids such behavior.
"Moshe killed an Egyptian for just raising his hand to strike a
Jew," she said. "In every society there are good fish and bad fish.
People who use violence are bad."
Asked if she felt her rights were being curtailed by being forced to sit in
the back of the bus, Shoshan replied that she did not.
"It is for a woman's own good to be separated from men. And there are a
lot of activities which men do alone, while there are things that women like to
do by themselves."
However, A. said there was nothing in Halacha that said such strict measures
of segregation had to be applied.
"Where does it say that a man cannot sit down next to his wife on the
bus?" asked A., who defined herself as Orthodox but not haredi.
She added that the goal of the hotline and the blog was not necessarily to
bring about a change in segregation policies but to give women the opportunity
to share their experiences with someone sympathetic.
The NIF said that its campaign includes ads and posters placed on buses that
pass through haredi neighborhoods, and leaflets handed out in strategic
locations where haredi women gather, such at mikvaot [ritual baths] and the
women's sections of synagogues.
In addition, posters placed in haredi neighborhoods call on women to use the
The NIF plans to distribute leaflets that include gifts for the women, who
will find them in synagogues all over .