The future stability of Egypt hinges on the ability to deal with the problems most recently stemming from Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi’s self-declared control over all government branches. The resulting violent clashes between Islamists and secularists exacerbated tensions and disunity among the secular majority undermined the opposition. Due to all of this, a consensus on the proposed constitution remains unclear.

But an important issue not factored in and essential to the future of the country is the wholly separate power of the military. If the secularists and liberals hope to provide any sense of a serious opposition to the Islamists, they need to consider the necessity of joining with the military. The inability of the secularists and liberals to give any concession to the role of the military in the new Egypt has made the latter–which was pivotal in removing former Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak in the January 25 Revolution—unwilling to strongly support them against the Islamists. None of these groups—the Islamists, the secularists, nor the military—is capable of controlling the country alone. Only a confederacy of at least two of the factions could effectively govern Egypt.

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