Suleiman Baraka's journey could be measured in light years: the eldest of 14 children of a butcher, he rose from humble beginnings in violence-wracked Gaza to become an astrophysicist, space weather expert and researcher for NASA, the US space agency.
Now, at 45, he is back home with a new mission: to teach kids to look up from their blockaded, beaten-down surroundings and into the limitless beauty of the universe.
He has procured the first known telescope in Gaza, a donation from the International Astronomical Union, and plans to introduce astronomy in Gaza's three universities. He also dreams of building an observatory and a geomagnetic research station.
It seems very ambitious for a territory that has been under lockdown by
Israel and Egypt for nearly four years, but Baraka is stubbornly
optimistic. In a region torn by political and religious conflict, he
looks at what people have in common, not what sets them apart.
"There is a beautiful universe for everybody — no borders, no fences, no wall," he said in an interview.
Baraka kept his faith even after he lost his 11-year-old son, Ibrahim, during Israel's war on Hamas more than a year ago.
was at Virginia Tech at the time, two months into a yearlong research
grant from NASA and the National Science Foundation, while his wife and
four children stayed behind in his hometown of Khan Yunis in southern
On Dec. 29, 2008, an Israeli warplane bombed the Baraka
family home. Ibrahim was hospitalized in Egypt, his skull broken.
Baraka flew to Egypt from the United States, praying. He cried at his
son's bedside. Ibrahim never regained consciousness and died a week
after the bombing — one of about 1,400 Palestinians killed in a
three-week offensive aimed at ending years of rocket fire from Gaza on
Baraka was barred from entering Gaza while the
war was going on, and missed his son's funeral. With nowhere else to
go, he flew back to the United States to complete his research year.
In October he returned to Gaza with a new mission, to get children excited about space and to honor his son's memory.
the evening of March 12 he held his first "star party." Wearing a NASA
cap, he set up the telescope in the courtyard of his son's school in
Khan Younis and attracted three dozen pupils, mostly boys but also a
few girls in head scarves, and some parents and teachers.
A few adults demanded to know whether space science was compatible with Islam. Baraka won their trust by quoting from the Quran.
Then the children stepped up to the telescope.
is something beautiful," said Abdullah Majaideh, 14, after gazing
heavenward. "I never expected to look into the telescope and see the
Baraka said he was moved to tears.
the vastness of space is a rare treat for Gazans who face barriers
wherever they turn. The 360-square-kilometer strip is one of the
world's most densely populated areas with 1.5 million people, sealed by
fences, walls and the Israeli navy.
Contact with the outside
world is sporadic. Baraka invited a retired NASA astronaut, Jeffrey
Hoffman, and the head of International Astronomical Union, Bob
Williams, to Gaza, but because of the uncertainties of entering the
territory they limited their January visit to the West Bank, the other
Baraka's fascination with space began in
middle school. He said he grew up in a family that treasured learning,
even though his parents had little formal education. All but two of his
siblings went to college.
After studying physics he went into
politics, spent two years in an Israeli prison for belonging to a
then-outlawed organization, the mainstream Fatah, and later held
Palestinian government positions. But after peace efforts collapsed in
2000, he returned to academia.
He earned his master's in physics
from Gaza's Islamic University, a doctorate from the Paris Institute of
Astrophysics and, following a brief return to Gaza, was hired by
Virginia Tech on a yearlong grant.
Baraka, his wife and three surviving children now live in a sparsely
furnished apartment piled high with books, across the street from their
He said he is not sure why the house was hit. His relatives had left
the building for safety but Ibrahim and his grandmother were near the
house when the bomb struck, he said.
He tries to pursue his research but misses the daily exchanges with his peers and faces frequent blockade-related power outages.
Baraka said his greatest satisfaction would be to inspire young people,
including the university students in an astronomy class he hopes to
teach next fall.
"I will show them the way," he said, "as I have been shown the way before."