Rafik Hariri billboards 311 R.
(photo credit: Ali Hashisho / Reuters)
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on Thursday urged countries to cooperate with the UN-backed Special Tribunal for Lebanon on indictments over the 2005 killing of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.
"(Ban) calls on all states to support the independent judicial process, in particular by cooperating with the Special Tribunal in the execution of the indictment and arrest warrants," UN spokesman Farhan Haq said.
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He added that Ban "expects the new government of Lebanon to uphold all of Lebanon's international obligations and to cooperate with the Special Tribunal."
The tribunal handed indictments and arrest warrants to Lebanon on Thursday that officials said accused Hezbollah members of involvement.
The long-awaited move was hailed as a "historic moment" by Hariri's son, opposition leader Sa'ad al-Hariri, but poses an immediate challenge to the new government of Najib Mikati whose cabinet is dominated by Hezbollah allies.
Prosecutor Saeed Mirza gave no details of the indictments. Lebanese officials said four warrants were issued for Hezbollah members including senior leader Mustafa Badreddine, who was jailed in Kuwait in 1983 over a series of bombings and is a brother-in-law of slain Hezbollah commander Imad Moughniyeh.
The Feb. 14, 2005 assassination plunged Lebanon into a series of political crises, assassinations and bombings which led to sectarian clashes in May 2008, dragging the country back to the brink of civil war.
Analysts said Mikati, whose government has yet to win a confidence vote in parliament, now faces irreconcilable demands from Hariri's domestic and international allies -- who want Lebanon to comply with the court -- and the majority of his cabinet who reject any cooperation with it.
Lebanese analyst Oussama Safa said that refusal would lead to Lebanon's isolation. "Now the government of Mikati has to decide what it is going to do. If it does not cooperate it risks putting Lebanon in trouble," he said.
The other three suspects were named by Lebanese officials as Salim Jamil Ayyash, Hassan Issa and Assad Sabra. It was not clear how many belonged to Hezbollah or what positions they held. All four were also suspected of involvement in the killing of communist leader George Hawi and attempts to kill former ministers Marwan Hamade and Elias al-Murr, the officials said.
Hezbollah, both a Shi'ite Muslim political movement and guerrilla army, denies any role in the huge explosion on the Beirut seafront which killed Hariri and 22 others. Hezbollah's al-Manar television said on Thursday the indictments over the killing of Hariri show the tribunal seeking his killers "is politicized."
There have been fears in Lebanon that indictments of Hezbollah members over the assassination of the prominent Sunni Muslim leader, who was prime minister for several terms between 1992 and 2004, could raise sectarian tensions between factions still struggling with the legacy of its 1975-90 civil war.
Mikati urged Lebanese to be "reasonable and far-sighted" to ensure that "those who want to target the country and push us towards strife miss their chance".
Hezbollah has vowed to thwart attempts to arrest any of its members and wants Lebanon to end cooperation with the tribunal, withdraw Lebanese judges and halt contributions to its funding.
A carefully-worded policy statement by Mikati's cabinet, which was formed just two weeks ago after months of wrangling, said on Thursday only that it "stressed the (importance of) truth in the crime against Rafik al-Hariri" and said it would monitor the progress of the court.
Mikati has said he wants the government to honour Lebanon's international commitments unless a national consensus emerges to reverse that position -- which is unlikely given Saad al-Hariri's continued strong support for the tribunal.
Hariri urged Mikati to cooperate with the court.
"The Lebanese government is invited, politically, nationally, legally and ethically, to implement its commitments towards the tribunal. There is no reason for anyone to run away from this responsibility," he said in a statement.
"It is time to put an end for the episodes of killing. The era of the murderers is over and the time for justice is close."