Arab activists using Web to crowdsource dissent
Egyptians, Lebanese turn to Facebook, Twitter to vent over electricity blackouts, government failures.
Social media Photo: Reuters
As electricity shortages reach crisis levels in Lebanon and Egypt, citizens turn
to social media platforms to vent their anger against government failures, and
to organize peaceful protests.
Egyptians are experiencing an increasing
number of power cuts and water outages, and popular anger against the situation
is also growing, resulting in protests in Upper Egypt this weekend, Egyptian
daily Al-Ahram reported.
Al-Ahram said some angry citizens blame members
of the old Mubarak regime who they say are still in the Electricity Ministry and
are faking the crisis to cause dissent.
In response to the crisis,
Egyptians have set up several Facebook pages to voice their anger at the
blackouts and to organize peaceful protests.
Young activists Heba Nemr,
Mostafa Zanaty and Hadeer Elsharkawy used the social network to organize a
silent candlelit march last week in Damanhour – 70 km. southeast of Alexandria –
to voice their anger against the electricity crisis.
“Please bring a
candle and a placard to protest the power cuts,” the Facebook page instructed,
adding that demonstrators shouldn’t wave unrelated slogans at the
At last week’s march, Elsharkawy, who also coordinates a group
called Egyptian Women for Change, told Masrawy news that the situation was
“It’s getting worse, day by day,” she said.
days after Elsharkawy warned the situation was deteriorating, the Egyptian
National Council for Human Rights slammed the blackouts that have interrupted
electricity supplies to to hospitals.
The council’s remarks came a day
after Egyptian presidential spokesman Yasser Ali said President Mohammed Morsy
had issued a directive to the Electricity Ministry – saying the crisis should be
addressed by opening two new power plants, and that the country would invest in
“I expect self-sufficiency in electric power production, as
well as export of the same, during the next few years,” Ali said. His
comments also came after Morsy apologized for the outages in a speech after
Friday prayers, asking citizens to give the new government a chance to address
As the newly elected president apologized, some Egyptians
used dark humor to cope with the situation.
One Facebook page, Vote To
Prevent Electricity Shortages in Egypt, features cynical cartoons about the
problems, including one in which a man confides in his friend that during the
power shortages it’s too dark for him to be able to see if the woman he’s with
is his wife.
Meanwhile, over on the United Against Egyptian Power Outages
Facebook page, a woman demanded Morsy commit to promises that he would address
the issue of electricity shortages during his first 100 days in
Morsy has also faced criticism over his decision to ship fuel to
Gaza while discontent over electricity shortages grows at
Meanwhile, in Lebanon, power shortages have led to violent
demonstrations at power stations. Lebanese citizens have also taken to social
media and the Internet to voice their anger and to use dark humor to mock the
The Lebanese power shortages, which grew worse over the summer
particularly in Beirut’s southern suburbs, have threatened the country’s
The situation was exacerbated after contract workers at
Electricite du Liban, Lebanon’s state electric company, organized a sit-in at
the company’s Beirut headquarters in a row over conditions.
sit-in was finally called off at the weekend, opening the door for emergency
repairs that will end the shortages.
In response to the situation,
Lebanese social media users started a campaign against the country’s Energy
Minister, Gebran Bassil, who belongs to the Christian Free Patriotic
Twitter users created a Twitter hashtag, #blamebassil, blaming
the energy minister for just about all the country’s ills – from the power cuts
to mundane everyday problems.
The idea spread rapidly and has become a
countrywide joke, leading to the creation of a website, blamebassil.com, which
collects the tweets and displays them in realtime.
To add to the
atmosphere, every few seconds the site also experiences “blackouts.”
of the tweets are funny – like that by marketing student @laratage who said
Sunday that “Once upon a time there was light in my life now there’s only love
in the dark #BlameBassil for this total eclipse of the heart.”
others are more serious.
Beirut-based architect Naji Mabsout tweeted
Sunday that although the EDL contract workers issue has been resolved, power
cuts in the capital continue.
In both Egypt and Lebanon, activists are
harnessing the power of the internet, including social media, not just to
protest and vent, but also to crowdsource information to help keep their
politicians and government services accountable.
Egyptian Amr Sobhy and
others have set up the Morsy Meter – an internet service that examines to what
extent the Egyptian president is keeping his preelection pledges.
Morsy has achieved just one of the 64 promises he made – a media awareness
campaign and speeches in Friday prayers about the sin of public
Sobhy and his friends also set up Zabatak (Gotcha!), an
anti-corruption website that invites Egyptians to confidentially report on
Meanwhile, over in Lebanon, activist Hussein M. Dajani has
recently set up Allo Fail, a Facebook and Twitter campaign to increase public
pressure on official mobile operators Alfa and Touch as well as on the Lebanese
Telecom Ministry, which has been criticized for its slow internet
On Sunday, Allo Fail spokesman Malek Takieddine told news
outlet Now Lebanon that the group would continue to pressure the ministry for
“transparent information” on internet speed issues.