An archeological dig near Haifa recently uncovered a 3,000-year-old house that is the best-preserved structure yet discovered from the Israelite period.
The four-room structure also boasts mosaics and artifacts testifying to the considerable wealth of its owners.
The site at Tel Shikmona – in Shikmona Nature Reserve at Haifa’s southern edge – was partially excavated 40 years ago, but years of neglect left the area covered with garbage and earth.
“We had seen the structure in the old photographs, and were sorry that such a rarely preserved finding had disappeared due to neglect. We were not even sure that we would be able to find it again,” said excavation leaders Dr. Shay Bar and Dr. Michael Eisenberg in a statement.
“It was practically a miracle that we managed to locate and uncover it and that it is still so well preserved.”
Excavations in the 1970s revealed remains of human settlement from as early as the late Bronze Age (16th century BCE) to the Muslim conquest of the 7th century CE.
Researchers said the new finding presents a rare opportunity to study
everyday life in the days of the Kingdom of Israel, and that ultimately
they hope to include the structure in the public archeological park.
The excavation also revealed a personal seal showing an inscription in
either Hebrew or Phoenician. Researchers hope that by deciphering the
inscription they will be able to ascertain whether the settlement was
Israelite or Phoenician.
Other findings in the area reveal extensive trade among regional
neighbors, such as Cyprus and Lebanon, including vessels for
transporting the purple mollusc-shell dye for which the Phoenicians were
Further excavation revealed remains of Byzantine structures from the 4th
to 7th centuries CE containing mosaic floors, intact ceramic vessels,
coins, ornaments, weapons and glassware. Deeper still, excavators found a
4th-century CE Persian-era oven and storage pitchers.
The overall impression is of an originally sparsely populated community
growing more populous over time, until by the first century BCE it had
become a prosperous, fortified city with extensive trade.