The three police officers killed in the Carmel forest fire will receive their posthumous medals of distinction in a ceremony later today after the High Court ruled, on Tuesday, to reject a petition filed by bereaved family members of Prison Services employees, who also died in the fire, asking to postpone the handing out of medals until after he state comptroller completes the investigation into the events.
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In a case that Supreme Court President Dorit Beinisch described as “one of the most difficult to ever come before the court,” the judges ruled that Police Commissioner Dudi Cohen’s decision to grant medals of distinction to Asst.-Cmdr. Ahuva Tomer, Asst.-Cmdr. Lior Boker and Ch.-Supt. Itzik Malina, for bravery in the line of duty, was legal and within his authority to decide.
“Our hearts go out to the petitioners who are crying out in pain because of the disaster they experienced, as well as to the respondents, the families of the officers who perished,” wrote Beinisch.
The petition, filed Monday on behalf of the families of the 37 prison services workers who died after their bus was engulfed by flames, against the Police commissioner and the Minister of Internal security, stated that giving medals to the police officers, who may have been responsible for the death of their loved ones, was unbearable to the families and that it was preferable to postpone the ceremony until after a full investigation of the fire, and the failures surrounding its handling, was completed.
“We are not against the officers and are not saying that they don’t deserve to be awarded, we are only asking what is the harm of postponing the handing out of medals if doing so will gape a wound in the petitioners’ heart,” said Ali Shakib, the petitioners’ lawyer.
Shakib argued that the police commissioner’s decision to grant the medals was made prematurely and without sufficient knowledge about what actually took place on the scene. He charged that both the internal police committee that recommended on the granting of awards and State Comptroller Micha Lindenstrauss, said that there was insufficient data on which to base the granting of a medal of distinction and that it would be better to wait until the state comptroller completed the investigation.
“For now the facts are still burning. Things went wrong. Mistakes were made. Somebody instructed the bus to turn around. Someone was in charge of air support, which never came. These are all questions that need answering,” said Shakib. “The officers have already received honor and recognition for their acts, what is the urgency to give them the medals? Handing them out and later realizing that it was a mistake, would also pain the officers’ families.”
The state in its response, said that Commissioner Cohen had the authority to grant the honors even in spite of the internal committee’s recommendations to wait and that he did so independently of any general failures that may have taken place.
As Beinisch later put it, “The commissioner decided to grant the awards based on the officer’s courage in the line of duty. There is no dispute that the officers paid the ultimate sacrifice in their deeds and remained in the line of fire to the very end in an effort to save the lives of others.”
“The commissioner reckons that even if the investigation reveals that the officers acted mistakenly, it has nothing to do with their courage, which is not in doubt,” said State Attorney Uri Keidar.
Last to argue were the families of the officers themselves. Alon Gavizon, representing Karmit Malina, whose husband died in the fire, said that the three’s courage was only made more apparent in light of the possible failures that took place. He stressed that the awards were being granted to the three officers who died and not to the police as an organization.
“The awards are being granted to the people who could have remained in the office or left when they saw they were in danger, but instead chose to stay behind in an effort to save the lives of others,” said Gavizon.
“The medals will not return our loved ones to us, but our sole comfort in the daily pains we suffer at their loss is in the knowledge that they died heroically,” said Nava Boker the widow of Asst.-Cmdr. Lior Boker. “I am pained that the people whose relatives they tried to save in their deaths, are now trying to prevent them from receiving their due honors.”
Not wishing to have to choose between the two groups of bereaved families, the three-judge panel of Justices Beinisch, Edna Arbel and Uzi Vogelman took great efforts to avoid making a ruling on the matter. As Justice Arbel said, it was a verdict that none of them wanted to reach and after hearing both sides’ arguments, they strongly urged the petitioners to drop the petition of their own accord and announced a short break giving the petitioners time to discuss amongst themselves whether they were perhaps seeking redress from the wrong source.
However after returning from a short recess the prison services families came back and insisted on a verdict, arguing that handing out the medals as planned would leave a gaping wound in the petitioners’ hearts forever.
In their decision to reject the petition, the judges withheld judgment
on the question of whether the police commissioner should have waited
for the completion of the investigation before deciding to grant medals
and focused solely on the legal question of whether or not it was in his
authority to do so.
The judges wrote that the commissioner had hierarchical authority to
make the decision, even if he was recommended not to. “The commissioner
saw importance in bequeathing the values of courage and sacrifice to
his forces and we think it is not our place to intervene on his judgment
when he acted in accordance with the law,” wrote Beinisch.
“We can only hope that the facts involved in the tragedy will be
investigated and that all the families of the victims, to whom the
gratitude and appreciation of the entire Israeli public is granted, will
find answers to the lingering questions. “Concluded Beinisch in her
Following the trial, Danny Rozen, whose partner Asst.-Cmdr. Ahuva Tomer
died in the fire, said that all the parties experienced shared
“There aren’t two sides to this case. We are all partners in pain,” said Rozen.