As we set out down Tel Aviv’s Ibn Gvirol Street to the Herzliya Gymnasia high
school, all the stores were closing. The police cordoned off the street to
vehicles and, as on Yom Kippur, hundreds of people strolled down the middle of
the pavement. Past the city hall, where a concert was starting up, we passed by
the small memorial of restless stones that marks the place where prime minister
Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated.
That night in November 1995, I’d come home
from the peace rally that had turned into a mass of mourners when the news
spread that Rabin had been murdered a few meters away. I walked, crying, into
the small room, then a family room and now our office, where I’m writing this.
Our daughter sat on my wife’s lap.
Now our daughter is 17 years old,
playing a leading role in her school’s Holocaust Remembrance Day commemoration
program. In the school’s courtyard, plastic chairs have been set down tightly,
arm to arm, for about 1,000 people.
All of them are full. The front two
rows are reserved for the school’s graduates who now are in the army and the
parents of those former students who have fallen.
At precisely 8 p.m.,
with an un- Israeli sense of discipline, everyone rose at the same moment as the
sirens went off. Those are the same sirens as the ones I heard signaling
incoming Iraqi missiles almost a quarter-century earlier. A flag is slowly
lowered to half-mast. The father of one slain soldier-graduate says Kaddish; a
cantor chants the “El Maleh Rahamim” prayer, modified for the occasion but
rooted in the prayer for those martyred a thousand years ago in Europe by the
pogroms accompanying the Crusades.
These are the parts of the program
repeated every year. It is possible that such things would grow stale and
routine. But they don’t.
They are simply – literally – too close to home;
too fresh in the mind and raw in the emotions. For all of these students will
have to serve, too. And every citizen – not just every soldier – is a potential
Yet it is what comes next that is most harrowing. Four students,
including our daughter, recite – as photos and details flash on two large
screens – the names of each of those martyrs and heroes. One by one they march
before us. And the list goes and photos go on and on, for longer than I had
The first of the dead is from 1915; the overwhelming majority,
it seems, are from the War of Independence, when about 1 percent of the Jewish
population died. A number of them died on October 6, 1973, and in the following
couple of days, in the Sinai at the start of the Yom Kippur War.
civilians, others, soldiers. Most male, a few female.
Only one is
well known, the writer Yosef Hayim Brenner, who taught at the school and was
murdered by an Arab mob in 1921.
They are frozen with the haircuts and
clothes of their time, mostly smiling, happy students or young soldiers. Loved
by their family and friends, they were regular people, never intending to be
martyrs and certainly not heroes. They were deprived of life, but we were
deprived of their presence and their achievements.
And suddenly I
remembered something I hadn’t thought about for years. A dignified professor
told me long ago about a conversation he had once had, probably in the 1960s,
with a cabinet minister who had been one of the pillars of the governments of
prime minister David Ben-Gurion, Israel’s founding father.
politician began talking about the Holocaust and how, deep down, he could not
really believe that all of those people had died. For many years he believed
they were somewhere out there, and that one day there would magically appear off
the coast a vast fleet of ships. They would land amid rejoicing at the reunions
that would take place.
He had to believe that, he continued, for without
such an expectation, without all of those people and their talents how could
anyone believe that Israel could be founded and survive and prosper at all? How
would it be possible that a people so wounded, so bereft, could survive and be
fruitful at all? And as he originally told this story, the political leader had
become deeply emotional. And as the professor recounted the story to me, he,
too, had become deeply emotional. And as I heard the story I, too, had been
“Then He said unto me: Son of man, these bones are the whole
house of Israel; behold, they say: Our bones are dried up, and our hope is lost;
we are clean cut off.” Now, I watched as these many more people did briefly seem
to walk before me.
“So I prophesied as He commanded me, and the breath
came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet....” And I had only
to look around me to know that they had not – a cliché but here a truth – died
“Behold, I will take the children of Israel from among the
nations, whither they are gone, and will gather them on every side, and bring
them into their own land; and I will make them one nation in the land.” But I
have not invited you to read these words this day just to say this. There is
something equally or even more remarkable to tell.
In all of this and
throughout the nation on this day, there was not a word of hatred, of reviling
any enemy. No smugness of triumph, no desire for conquest; no thirst for revenge
or punishment. Thus behaves the world’s most slandered nation.The
writer’s new book,
Israel: An Introduction, has just been published by Yale
University Press. He is director of global research in the International Affairs
(GLORIA) Center and a featured columnist at PJM and editor of the Middle East
Review of International Affairs (MERIA) Journal.