The decision this week by Istanbul’s Seventh Criminal Court to seek prison terms
totaling over 18,000 years for four former IDF commanders may or may not have
been timed to coincide with the second anniversary of the May 31 Mavi Marmara
debacle. But many have used the occasion of the indictment – and the anniversary
of the incident – to argue that the time has come to apology to the
New York University’s Alon Ben-Meir, a professor of international
relations and a regular columnist for The Jerusalem Post, made such a
recommendation in an oped that appeared in the Turkish daily Hurriyet. Ben-Meir
claimed that “Turkey has repeatedly reaffirmed that once Israel apologizes,
Ankara will resume full diplomatic relations.”
In addition, according to
a Channel 10 news report, Vice Premier Shaul Mofaz supports apologizing to the
Turks, thus strengthening the position held by Defense Minister Ehud Barak and
Intelligence Agencies Minister Dan Meridor.
The US has reportedly
relaunched an effort to convince Israel to reconsider apologizing to Turkey,
encouraged by Mofaz’s strengthening of the apologist camp in the government and
by the fact that the broad government coalition cannot be toppled by Yisrael
Beytenu’s Avigdor Liberman, a strong opponent of apologizing to
But will an apology truly improve Israel’s relations with Turkey?
Last July ahead of the release of the UN-appointed Palmer Commission’s report –
which found that Israel had every legal justification for enforcing a naval
blockade on the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip, though the IDF was taken to task
for using excessive force – a concerted effort spearheaded by the US, attempted
to resolve the tension between Jerusalem and Ankara.
To pacify the Turks,
the US would see to it that the Palmer report would be buried. In addition, the
Turks demanded that Israel apologize for the incident and pay compensation to
the families of the nine people who were killed when IDF commandos raided the
Israel also was expected to lift its blockade of
In exchange, the Turks agreed to refrain from bringing legal claims
against the commandos who boarded the Mavi Marmara or against the officers and
political leaders who sent them, and resolve the conflict with
For its part, Israel was willing to express “regret” over the
incident and provide monetary compensation. But Prime Minister Binyamin
Netanyahu and Liberman refused to issue an official apology or lift the naval
As a result, the deal fell through and the Palmer report was
published. In response, Ankara downgraded its diplomatic relations with
At the time, this paper supported the government’s decision not
to cave in to Turkish demands. Doing so would have been interpreted as a sign of
Agreeing to lift the blockade would only encourage future
attempts to use diplomatic pressure to influence Israeli policies. And a full
apology would also be a disservice to IDF soldiers and military
Finally, an Israeli apology – without any recognition on the
part of the Turks that by allowing the Mavi Marmara to set sail from their
shores, they were also responsible for the debacle – might be interpreted as an
admission of guilt.
Obviously, if the Turks had really been interested in
improving relations with Israel they would have – “If you don’t want to marry,
ask for a large dowry,” says a Ladino expression.
And even if Israel had
apologized, it is highly unlikely that Ankara would fully normalize relations.
Doing so would hurt its standing in the Muslim world. In contrast, taking a
tough stand against Israel is an easy way of currying Muslim favor, both inside
Turkey and throughout the region.
It is naïve to believe that if only
Israel were to apologize for the Mavi Marmara raid, relations with Turkey would
return to normal.
True, Israel might score a small diplomatic victory by
apologizing and proving to the world that it is Turkish intransigence and
radicalism – not an Israeli refusal to apologize – that are the real obstacles
But Israel also has an obligation to itself to maintain
a modicum of self-respect and deterrence power.