Binyamin Netanyahu and Mahmoud Abbas have much in common. Both are pure of
heart, noble of purpose and free of blame. Each man wants nothing more than
peace between Israelis and Palestinians and would have it were it not for the
other one’s intransigence.
“The Palestinians have no interest in entering
peace talks. I’m ready to travel now to Ramallah to start peace talks with Abu
Mazen [Abbas] without preconditions,” Netanyahu has said.
No way, says
Abbas. “We’ll continue the dialog and we’ll continue the talks because we
consider this to be the only way, but if they fail, this will happen through
Israel’s fault,” he said. “If Palestinian-Israeli negotiations end in a fiasco,
the blame for this will be Israel’s alone.”
The Obama administration and
the international Quartet for the Middle East agree with Israel that talks
should be unconditional, but they also believe Netanyahu is deliberately
erecting roadblocks with frequent announcements of new settlement
Abbas not only demands a total construction halt, even in
parts of Jerusalem he knows Israel will never leave, but he also wants Netanyahu
to agree on the 1967 lines as a reference point for future borders and in recent
days added a demand for the release of a number of high-profile Palestinian
The two sides are supposed to make another attempt this week
to revive negotiations under Jordanian sponsorship in Amman, but Abbas is
already predicting failure and planning a strategy sure to make a return to the
peace table even more remote.
He has threatened to take “difficult” and
“hard” “new measures” against Israel if it rejects his demands.
Quartet set January 26 as the target date for the two sides to submit their
positions on borders and security arrangements. No details have leaked about
either side’s proposal, but Abbas has rejected the Israeli position paper as
“absurd and worthless.” He might be right, but he seems awfully anxious to
reject anything rather than make a counter offer.
Nothing new there.
Arafat rejected offers by then-Prime Minister Ehud Barak and President Bill
Clinton in 2000-1, choosing to launch a deadly intifada rather than make a
counter offer, and Abbas rejected a far-reaching proposal by then-Prime Minister
Ehud Olmert in 2008, something he now says he’s ready to discuss.
Washington Times reported the Palestinians have decided to bypass direct
negotiations to resume their UN membership bid and may launch a nonviolent third
intifada because they see no chance of reaching an agreement with the Netanyahu
The Obama administration blocked the UN strategy last year
and chances of Palestinian success this year don’t look any better, US
Ambassador to the UN Susan Rice said this week.
The latest effort to
bring the two sides together was initiated by King Abdullah II of Jordan. He
believes both sides are interested in moving ahead in light of developments in
Egypt. He said he was a notch below “cautiously optimistic” since so far the
parties had taken only “baby steps.”
“Waiting is the worst mistake the
Israelis can make,” he said in Washington last week.
In private meetings
with Members of Congress the king refused to discuss details of the
Israeli-Palestinian sessions, but he said it is important just to keep them
talking, according to a source familiar with the conversation.
“We in the
international community cannot afford a lull in Israeli-Palestinian
negotiations” in light of turmoil in the region, the king told the lawmakers. “A
changing region doesn’t preclude a settlement, it demands one.... That’s why it
is so important to get them back to negotiations. We’re trying to get them to
look at solutions and problem solving, not at the deadlines.”
Ross, the Obama administration’s former top Middle East envoy, said, “Abbas is
convinced that this Israeli government cannot make a peace deal – or at least
one he can live with – so he imposes conditions on negotiations. Israeli
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu sees these conditions as harsh and
unprecedented, and doesn’t want to pay a steep political price just to enter
The king said US support is “pivotal” if the Quartet target date
for an agreement by the end of 2012 is to be met, but he also understands that
in this election year the Obama administration prefers to sit this one out. In
their Oval Office meeting the best he could get from the president was a promise
to encourage both sides to take the talks seriously.
The president knows
Netanyahu is no more interested in cutting a deal than Abbas is, and that
Republicans want to make Israel a wedge issue in this election, accusing Obama
of being hostile to Israel. He also knows that at the least sign of
pressure Netanyahu will run crying to his Republican friends that he’s being
treated unfairly by this administration.
The Jordanian exploratory talks
may be a necessary act of futility. They may be going nowhere because neither
side wants them to, but to admit that would open a vacuum that more radical
elements would rush to fill.
It is important to keep talking, Ross said,
“but there should also be no illusions about the prospects of any breakthrough
any time soon.”