When we inquire about the future of Jewish philanthropy, we’re really asking about the future of the Jewish people. This is due to the fact that since biblical times, the two have been immutably interrelated. Then as now, philanthropy played an integral part in shaping Jewish life, values and society; it was never merely a question of helping the poor.
One of the most beautiful expressions of this can be found in the tacit agreement between the tribes of Zevulun and Issachar, by which one would study while the other provided for their material needs. Though this relationship was not viewed as philanthropy, but rather more as a partnership to achieve a common goal, it is clearly rooted in the patently Jewish philosophy of philanthropy.
And it is clear that this philosophy has passed the test of time. It can be discerned in the philanthropic endeavors of such modern giants as Edmund de Rothschild and Sir Moses Montefiore, who supported their fellow Jews in Israel, building institutions, industry and Jewish settlements as a means of implementing their vision for a Jewish homeland.
John Gardner, an American public figure who did much to promote social philanthropy in the United States, once claimed “Wealth is not new, neither is charity. But the idea of using private wealth imaginatively, constructively and systematically to attack the fundamental problems of mankind is new.”
Perhaps for society as a whole, Mr. Gardner. But the Jewish people have been doing just that for thousands of years.
So where are we falling short? Certainly not in social vision, nor in
the generosity department. Jews are still among the world’s most
generous givers. The issue is that they are not giving to Israel or
Jewish causes. By far the greatest portions of Jewish mega donations
today are directed toward non-Jewish causes outside Israel.
In the same vein, the younger generation identifies with being Jewish in
a very different way than their parents. Their identification is built
on the fluid sense of self identity which characterizes their generation.
For many young Jews, Tikkun Olam is as much about global issues as it
is about Israel or the Jewish people.
Our answer to this way of thinking, and the message we must convey by
example should be: “Yes, Jews should give to all causes, but Israel and
the Jewish people must remain our number one priority.”
In the words of the Mishna: “If I am not for myself, who will be for me.”
Ultimately, philanthropy of all kinds is about concern for the
“collective,” the wider community. It is about identification, optimism
and faith. I believe our greatest challenge and mission as Jewish
leaders today is to educate the younger generation to care about the
future of the Jewish collective, which relies entirely on the continued
existence of Israel, the homeland of the Jewish people. This is not
merely the key to the future of Jewish philanthropy – it’s the key to
our future as a people. The only way we can expect to achieve this is
through massive and concerted educational efforts to reach the hearts
and minds of our younger generation.
The Jewish people and Jewish philanthropy are inextricably intertwined.
As long as Israel and the Jewish people exist, Jewish philanthropy will
continue to exist. As long as Jewish philanthropy continues to thrive,
so will Israel and the Jewish people. This is simply because Jewish
philanthropy reflects, in its purest form, our will and determination to
survive and flourish.
The writer is the Chairman of Keren
Hayesod – United Israel Appeal’s World Board of Trustees. She will
discuss the future of Jewish Philanthropy alongside a panel of other
experts later this month at the third Israeli Presidential Conference:
Facing Tomorrow 2011 in Jerusalem.