Natan Sharansky famously described the three “D’s” of hostility to Israel and
Jews – Demonization, Double standards and Delegitimization. Recent events
in Europe suggest that the time has come to add some more, as observers grapple
with the rise of a new anti-Semitism and deepening hatred of Israel.
we are witnessing in European politics today is the accelerating erosion of the
taboo against anti-Semitic discourse which has been in place since 1945. This
detabooization – a ugly neologism for an ugly politics – is part of a broader
global ideological drive against Jewishness. John Galliano may have been
fired by Dior, but only after Natalie Portman said she would quit as the French
firm’s public face. Before that threat, the fashion house looked as if it wanted
to ride out the storm. Wikileaks boss Julian Assange has accused critics on The
Guardian of being part of a “Jewish” media conspiracy against him, even if none
of the journalists he named, including the paper’s editor, Alan Rusbridger, is
Or how do we deal with Laurent Wauquiez, secretary of state for
European affairs in President Nicolas Sarkozy’s government, who announced that
Dominique Strauss-Kahn does not have “roots” in France? Strauss-Kahn, who is
currently head of the IMF in Washington, is likely to be the French Socialist
Party’s candidate against Sarkozy next April. Another right-wing minister in
Paris said the socialist did not represent “the soil of France.”
rightists have yet to call Strauss-Kahn “cosmopolitan” or make direct reference
to the fact that he is a Jew, but the noise they are making is a lot louder than
a dog whistle, and no one in France has any doubt about the
And there is the German social democrat, Thilo Sarazzin,
until recently a member of the board of Germany’s central bank. He told the
paper, Welt am Sonntag last year that “all Jews share a certain gene... that
makes them different from other people.”
This flashback to pre-war
pseudo-genetics was echoed by Karel de Gucht, the powerful European Union Trade
Commissioner who said last year: “Don’t underestimate the power of the Jewish
lobby” and “it is not easy even with a moderate Jew to have a conversation”
about Israel. Germany’s Social Democratic Party says there is no reason for Mr.
Sarazzin to give up his party card. Brussels has not sanctioned Mr. de
Gucht in any way.
IN SHORT, as with Galliano, Assange, or the
questionable anti-Jewish outbursts of actor Charlie Sheen, we are seeing the
slow re-entry of anti-Semitism into public discourse. The British Member of the
European Parliament, Nick Griffin, is a notorious Holocaust denier. In a
by-election for the Commons held in March, Griffin’s British National Party won
more votes than the mainstream Liberal Democrats who are in coalition with David
Cameron. As with the openly anti-Jewish Jobbik Party in Hungary, voters no
longer feel nervous about voting for anti-Semitic policies.
“D” is the Devaluation of the Holocaust, or the “Double-genocide” thesis now
advanced across Eastern and Baltic Europe. This does not deny the Holocaust, but
argues that Hitler was no different from Stalin in his murderous intent.
According to this argument, the mass starvations under communism – especially in
the Ukraine in the 1930s – or the murders and deportations of Baltic peoples
amounted to crimes against humanity on a par with the Shoah.
crimes and Soviet cruelties deserve a high place in European school-teaching,
but they were not the same as the Holocaust – the high-tech, industrial and
logistical transportation of Jews from all over Europe to death camps because of
an anti-Jewish ideology.
As Professor Timothy Snyder, author of
Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin
, writes: “the Germans deliberately
killed about 11 million non-combatants” (including 5.4 million Jews shot or
gassed) and “the Soviets approximately six million.”
revisionism, while not the same as out-and-out Holocaust denial, seeks to
relativize the death of Jews, and is widely supported by anti-Semites.
Latvia there is an annual commemoration of the Waffen SS Latvian division which
took part in many anti-Jewish atrocities. A court in Lithuania has declared the
swastika to be a national symbol. Jewish partisans who fought German Nazis and
their collaborators in Lithuania have found themselves on trial as war
criminals. Of course, there are many decent politicians in Baltic states
who want to condemn Soviet crimes without condoning anti-Jewish acts. But when
eight EU ambassadors were moved recently to write a letter to the Lithuanian
government about attacks on Jewishness in the country, then the EU has a problem
with one of its member states.
Richard Beeston, foreign editor of The
, who knows both the Arab world, France and, like all distinguished
editors at The Times, knows the dinner parties of London, told the BBC World
Service this month that while criticism of Israel is legitimate, some of it –
especially in Arab countries– is little better than “anti-Semitism by the back
It is the intellectual denial of this backdoor anti-Semitism
underlying hatred of Israel that is final new “D.”The writer is MP for
Rotherham and was Minister of Europe. His book
Globalising Hatred: The
new Antisemitism is published by Weidenfeld and Nicolson.