Egypt’s Copts mourn dead after clashes with army kill 25

Head of Al-Azhar University convenes emergency interfaith meeting.

By OREN KESSLER, REUTERS
October 14, 2011 20:17
25 killed in October 9 clashes in Cairo

Protest in Cairo. (photo credit: Reuters)

Egypt’s Christians mourned their dead and berated the army on Monday after at least 25 people were killed in Cairo the day before when troops crushed a protest over an attack on a church.

Armored personnel carriers sped into the crowd late on Sunday to break up the demonstrators near the state television building. Videos posted on the Internet showed mangled bodies, and activists said corpses had been crushed by the vehicles. Sunday was one of the bloodiest days since the February uprising that toppled president Hosni Mubarak.

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The head of Al-Azhar University called on Egypt’s Muslims and Christians to forge a united front in condemning Sunday’s bloodshed. State newspaper Al-Ahram reported that Grand Imam Sheikh Ahmed El-Tayeb, who pens frequent op-eds in Egypt’s press for interfaith reconciliation, called together a group of clergymen from both faiths to try to raise ideas for combating the spiraling violence. Pope Shenouda III, head of the Coptic Orthodox Church, was reportedly among the invitees.

Al-Masry Al-Youm newspaper quoted Islamist presidential hopefuls Abdel Moneim Aboul Fotouh and Hazem Abu Ismail as condemning the clashes as well.

Tension between Muslims and minority Coptic Christians has simmered for years but has worsened since the anti- Mubarak revolt, which has allowed the emergence of Salafist and other strict Islamist groups that the former president had repressed.

Activists said much of the anger from Sunday’s violence was focused on the army, which has also come under fire from across the political spectrum for failing to give a clear timetable for handing power to civilians.

“Why didn’t they do this with the Salafists or the Muslim Brotherhood when they organize protests? This is not my country any more,” said Alfred Younan, a Copt speaking near Cairo’s Coptic Christian hospital, where many of the dead were taken.

The violence casts a shadow over Egypt’s first parliamentary poll since Mubarak fell. Voting starts on November 28.

Prime Minister Essam Sharaf blamed internal and external “conspiracies” for the violence.

“Instead of advancing to build a modern state of democratic principles, we are back searching for security and stability, worrying that there are hidden hands, both domestic and foreign, seeking to obstruct the will of Egyptians in establishing a democracy,” he said on state television. We will not surrender to these malicious conspiracies and we will not accept reverting back.”

Christians, who make up 10 percent of Egypt’s roughly 80 million people, took to the streets after blaming Muslim radicals for partially demolishing a church in Aswan province last week.

They also demanded the sacking of the province’s governor for failing to protect the building.

The Health Ministry said 24 people were killed and 272 people wounded, including 253 who were taken to hospital.

State media later put the toll at 25 dead, the bulk of them Copts.

Justice Minister Mohamed Abdel Aziz el-Guindy said the investigation and any trials would be handled by military courts. Al-Ahram said 15 people were being investigated and dozens detained.

Streets near the state television building had been largely cleared of debris on Sunday, but smashed and burned vehicles lined streets in the area near the Coptic hospital, which was also the scene of violence overnight.

“The army was very violent in dealing with all these demonstrations... and they are being very violent as they know they will not be held accountable and will use such protests to increase repression in Egypt,” said Gamal Eid of the Arab Network For Human Rights Information. “That is evidence that the military has to leave power as soon as possible.”

The clashes add to the growing frustration of pro-democracy activists with the generals who took over from Mubarak. Many Egyptians suspect the army wants to wield power from behind the scenes even as it hands day-to-day government activities to civilians, charges the ruling army council denies.

“We note Prime Minister Sharaf’s call for an investigation, and appeal to all parties to remain calm,” the US embassy said in a statement, expressing condolences to the families.

European Union ministers expressed alarm and said the authorities had a duty to protect religious minorities.

“We really do expect that Egypt will move towards its elections with the desire to see all people as part of those elections and to protect the people whoever they are, wherever they come from and whatever belief and faith they have,” EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said ahead of a meeting of EU foreign ministers in Luxembourg.

Egyptian presidential candidate Amr Moussa said he would join political groups and others at an emergency meeting on Monday to discuss the violence.

He told Reuters it was important that the incident did not derail the election timetable.

“I hope that this will not happen. I hope we are going to do as agreed, that there will be an election and we will move forward. We don’t want a delay in the process,” he said.

The army has yet to announce a date for a presidential election. A staggered parliamentary vote that lasts until March followed by the drawing up of a new constitution could push the vote back to the end of 2012 or early 2013, leaving presidential powers in the hands of the military council until then.

Moussa and other presidential hopefuls have demanded a swifter election on April 1.

Protests erupted elsewhere in Egypt including its second biggest city, Alexandria. Copts say promises by the new rulers to address their concerns and protect them have been ignored.

“The new emerging faction of Islamists and Salafists has created havoc since the January revolution...

The problem is the severe reluctance of the cabinet and the authorities to enforce the rule of law and protect the Copts,” said Youssef Sidhom, editor in chief of a Orthodox Coptic newspaper, Al-Watani.

Christians complain of discrimination, citing rules that they say make it easier to build a mosque than a church. Tensions have often flared up in the past over interfaith romantic relationships, church building and other issues.

The cabinet said a fact-finding committee would probe the violence in Cairo and Aswan and laws would be changed to punish religious and other discrimination with prison terms and fines.

It said a committee would speed up the drafting of a new unified law regulating places of worship. Christians have complained that mosques are far easier to build than churches.

But since Mubarak’s removal on February 11, incidents have spun into violence more swiftly.

Christians say no one has been tried yet for the burning of a church in Helwan, south of Cairo, in March, after which 13 people were killed, or for violence in the Cairo suburb of Imbaba on May 7 that cost 15 lives.


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