Syrian protest 311.
(photo credit: REUTERS)
BEIRUT - Syrian security forces shot dead 25 protesters on Thursday, six of them in a city being visited by Arab League monitors checking on President Bashar Assad's compliance with a pledge to stop a military crackdown on popular unrest.
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The Arab League is hoping its deal with Assad can put an end to nine months of bloodshed in which well over 5,000 people have been killed by a United Nations count, provoking international sanctions against Damascus and raising fears of wider conflict.
But anti-Assad activists have said the monitoring mission is too small and easily restricted by state security agents determined to cover up abuses. There have also been questions about its leader, a Sudanese general whose government has defied an international war crimes tribunal over bloodshed in Darfur.
The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said Assad's security forces opened fire on protests in cities around the country. Six died in Hama, a major hotbed of unrest, shortly after the arrival of monitors for a first look.
The Observatory said security forces fired at a street rally in Douma, a Damascus suburb, killing four people. Enraged residents launched a civil disobedience campaign and thousands reportedly flooded the main square for a sit-in.
"The activists have called for complete civil disobedience. The roads have been blocked, stores are shut down and the city is paralysed," said Rami Abdelrahman, head of the British-based Observatory.
In addition to the 17 slain protesters, five unidentified people were shot dead in Idlib, near the Turkish border, in the vicinity of military sites in the city, which was also due to be toured by an Arab League delegation.Arab League monitors spread out
Monitors were to check conditions in the turbulent cities of Deraa, Hama and Idlib, which lie along a 450-km (280-mile) arc of revolt from the south to the north of Syria.
At its midpoint is Homs, where the Arab League mission had a controversial start when its Sudanese chief, General Mustafa al-Dabi, reported seeing "nothing frightening" in an initial tour.
The Arab mission is the first notable international involvement in Syria's crisis. The uprising against 41 years of repressive rule by the Assad family was inspired by other Arab popular revolts that have overthrown three dictators this year.
Anti-Assad activists said they had seen no sign of monitors on the streets of Hama and Deraa by mid-afternoon, and they were unable to contact them by telephone. Extra security forces were deployed around areas expecting monitors, they said.
"Where are they? We worked very hard for this visit, we got witnesses
and documented deaths and sites of shelling. People wanted to march but
the monitors are missing. The security presence is really strong - it
looks like they have been preparing as much as we have," said activist
Odei in Idlib.
In Hama, activists said protesters went down into the streets in Hama to
await the Arab League delegation, amid heavy security with snipers
pointing guns out of top floor windows.
"People really hope to reach (the monitors). We do not have much access
to the team. The people stopped believing anything or anyone now. Only
God can help us now," said Abu Hisham, an opposition activist in Hama.
Hama has a haunting resonance for Syrians opposed to Assad. His late
father ordered a massacre of up to 30,000 people there in 1982 to put
down an Islamist insurrection.Homs residents say they are fed up with Arab observers
In Homs, Syria's third largest city and epicenter of anti-Assad ferment,
protesters said they were already fed up with the monitors who they
said seemed unsympathetic and hard to find.
"This mission is a big lie. They say they were in Khalidiya
neighborhood. I haven't seen them," said Tamir, shouting by telephone
over protester chants of "down with the regime."
"We've been here at the protest. Where were they?"
The head of the main opposition group in exile, The Syrian National
Council, met Arab League officials in Cairo to discuss the monitoring
"The delegation should have been bigger because the points of
confrontation and violence are much greater than the number of the
monitors, and they should have better logistical means to enable them to
move quicker," Burhan Ghalioun told reporters.
Some 150 monitors in all are expected to enter Syria by the end of the
week. But activists say Syrian government or security officials
escorting monitors can intimidate residents who want to testify about
They also say there are not enough monitors to see the full scope of unrest in a large country of 23 million people.