The High Court of Justice issued an temporary injunction on Tuesday evening ordering residents to notify the court by noon on Wednesday whether they agree to return to negotiations with the Finance Ministry.
Justice Hanan Melcer's ruling came after a preliminary hearing of a petition filed by residents, who have asked for an injunction overturning a National Labor Court's ruling that doctors' resignations were constituted an illegal strike.
Residents had first threatened the mass resignation in late August in protest against a wage agreement between the Finance Ministry and the Israel Medical Association.
However, the National Labor Court twice ruled the resignations were collective in nature and therefore invalid.
If residents agree to further negotiations, the state will have to respond by Thursday morning as to whether it agrees to talks without preconditions.
However, if both parties cannot agree to return to the negotiating table, the High Court will hold a hearing on the petition and will issue a legal ruling.