Iranian researchers at Mashhad University of Medical Science have found that water pipes are just as harmful to lung function and the respiratory system as conventional tobacco products.
Asked to comment, the Israel Cancer Association noted that most hookah (water pipe) tobacco is imported (or smuggled in) from Arab countries, where the tobacco crops are watered with sewage water. There is also no supervision of tobacco production by the authorities there.
The ICA added that smoke from water pipes contain tar, benzoapyrene -- a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon found in coal tar that causes mutations and is highly carcinogenic -- arsenic, chromium and lead, as well as the addictive nicotine. metabolites are mutagenic and highly carcinogenic. Smoking a water pipe is a drawn-out process, unlike smoking a cigarette, which takes minutes.