West Bank construction 311.
(photo credit: Miri Tzachi)
With Mideast peace talks at an impasse, two senior members of Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu's Likud Party are shopping around a new idea: In the absence of peace, Israel should pull large numbers of Jewish settlers out of the West Bank while leaving its soldiers in place.
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They believe the arrangement could relieve international pressure on Israel over settlements and give the Palestinians wider autonomy in an area they hope to make their future state, while leaving Israel in control of security matters until a peace agreement is reached.
There are no signs that Netanyahu supports this idea, and it would fall far short of Palestinian demands. But at a time when Israel's settlement policies are largely blamed internationally for the breakdown in peace talks, some in Israel believe such an initiative could be just what is needed to defuse the pressure.
Minister Michael Eitan, a Likud veteran and a longtime ally of Netanyahu, is perhaps the most vocal proponent of the idea in the government.
On his website, Eitan says an Israeli pullout from parts of the West
Bank — the heart of any future Palestine — is inevitable, and the
country must be honest with itself and its allies.
"If it becomes clear to our friends and partners that we tricked them,
they will be angry, we will pay twice over, and we will lose the little
legitimacy we have left for our legitimate demands," he wrote.
Eitan calls on the government to decide which parts of the West Bank
will be ceded in any peace deal and then persuade settlers to accept
compensation and leave, replacing them with troops.
While more dovish politicians have suggested similar arrangements in the
past, Eitan comes from the heart of the traditionally pro-settlement
Likud, where such views would have been unthinkable not long ago.
An even more influential Likud Cabinet minister, Dan Meridor — who sits
in a key seven-member forum that advises Netanyahu — has also been
promoting a similar idea in meetings with the Likud rank and file.
"Today, the members listen... A large number of them agree."
The proposal is reminiscent of another outside-the-box Israeli move, the unilateral pullout from the Gaza Strip in 2005.
The ideas being floated by the Likud Cabinet ministers try to avoid some
of the mistakes from the Gaza withdrawal. First, soldiers would remain
in place in the West Bank to prevent militant activity. And while Eitan
believes Israel should act unilaterally, Meridor believes any withdrawal
should be coordinated with the Palestinians.
Neither minister agreed to speak about his proposal, but spokesmen for both confirmed the details.
Both men have been vague on the extent of any pullback.
Netanyahu's spokesman, Mark Regev, said the ministers "are representing their own opinion and not that of the prime minister."
Settlers predictably reject the idea. "Israel would pay in such a case a
tremendously high political and social price and get no benefit at
all," said Dani Dayan, a settler leader.
The proposals are far from anything the Palestinians would consider
sufficient in a peace deal. Both politicians, for example, reject any
withdrawal in Jerusalem, where the Palestinians want to establish their
A spokesman for the Palestinian Authority, Ghassan Khatib, dismissed the
idea as a distraction from negotiations. "It's time for the Israelis to
think of simply ending the occupation," Khatib said.
The Palestinians claim all of the West Bank, as well as neighboring east Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip, for a future state.