Kindergarten children 311.
(photo credit: Courtesy www.kesher-israel.org)
Hoarseness is known as an occupational hazard among schoolteachers, especially
in the elementary grades, due to teachers’ efforts to achieve some quiet in the
classroom, as well as among Knesset members. But can it be that Israeli children
under age 10 suffer from scratchy voices from overuse as well? Apparently so,
according to Petah Tikva’s Schneider Children’s Medical Center, which recently
opened a special outpatient clinic to treat such cases.
usually comes from incorrect use of the vocal cords, say Yifat Nitzan, head of
the language and speech clinic at the hospital, and Dr. Yoram Stern, director of
the upper respiratory airways unit at Schneider.
If the vocal cords rub
against each other too much due to overuse and excessive volume, edema and
calluses can result. Such benign growths are most common in pre-adolescence.
Treatment by a clinical communications specialist includes teaching proper
speaking and breathing techniques, which reduce tension and rubbing together of
the cords, as well as other good habits. Many children with the problem have
usually not received the proper treatment. Thus the Schneider clinic was
regarded as necessary.
First, an ear-nose-and-throat specialist
(otolaryngologist) uses a video endoscopic exam to diagnose the problem. If
calluses are found, the childrenpatients are sent to a communications specialist
together with their parents to receive an explanation of the structure of the
throat and how calluses are created. Then they are taught how to prevent these
from forming and shown how to reduce vocal stress in accordance with their
ages.UV Damage Reduced By Strawberries
Strawberries can be protective.
In an experiment by Italian and Spanish researchers published in the Journal of
Agricultural Food Chemistry
, strawberry extract added to skin cell cultures was
found to act as a protector against ultraviolet radiation as well as increasing
the skin’s viability and reducing damage to DNA. The study opens the door to the
creation of photoprotective cream made from strawberries, said Maurizio Battino
at the Università Politecnica delle Marche in Italy, lead author of the
The team prepared human skin cell cultures (fibroblasts) and added
strawberry extract in different concentrations (0.05, 0.25 and 0.5 mg/ml)to all
but the control sample. Using ultraviolet light, the samples were then exposed
to a dose “equivalent to 90 minutes of midday summer sun in the French
Data confirmed that the strawberry extract, especially in the
highest concentration, displays photoprotective properties in those fibroblasts
exposed to UVA radiation; it increases cell survival and viability and decreases
damage in the DNA when compared with control cells.
“These aspects are of
great importance as they provide protection for cell lines subject to conditions
that can provoke cancer and other skin-related inflammatory and degenerative
illnesses,” said Battino.
The researcher recognized that this is the
“first step in determining the beneficial effects of strawberries in our diet or
as a possible compound source for ‘food integrators’ or cosmetics, for
But what molecules give strawberries their photoprotective
properties? Scientists suspect that it is the anthocyanins, which are pigments
that give leaves, flowers and fruits their red color. Analyses have confirmed
that extracts are rich in such substances. These compounds have important
anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antitumor properties and are capable of
modulating enzymatic processes, the researchers said. But they have not yet
found a direct relationship between their presence and photoprotective
properties. The researchers previously found that strawberries strengthen the
red bloods cells and protect the stomach from the effects of
Music has charms to soothe the savage
breast, wrote 17th-century English playwright William Congreave. It is also good
for cardiac catheterization. Dr. Aharon Primerman, head of the heart
catheterization unit at Hillel Yaffe Medical Center in Hadera, is implementing
an idea for reducing anxiety and nervousness among his patients. He asks them
what their favorite pieces of music are, recites poems they like and even
discusses philosophical issues that interest them while slipping the catheter
through a vein in the groin and then to the heart.
catheterization and angioplasty – in which clogged coronary arteries are opened
up and a supportive stent usually inserted to keep the vessel open – are awake
during the procedure. The more relaxed the patient, the better the invasive
procedure goes, said Primerman, who has many years of experience. Some surgeons
speak in a calm tone while others hold conversations to calm patients down. But
Primerman prefers songs, poetry and philosophy. Not long ago, he found himself
discussing Israeli poet Natan Alterman’s writings with a female patient. When
the procedure was finished, the patient added sadly: “What, is it already over?”
Six months ago, Assaf Harofeh neurologist Dr. Sergio Blumen was working with
Primerman and learned that their patient liked the late French singer George
Brassens. “Since I know his songs, we sang them together during the
catheterization. Recently, he arrived for another catheterization, and I already
had a disk of the music that he had given me after the procedure. Again, we sang
Brassens’s songs together.”Course Good For All
The Health Ministry
recently gave the Center for Professional Training and Rehabilitation at Beit
Loewenstein in Ra’anana recognition for a course it offers for demobilized
soldiers to become dental technicians, of which there is a shortage. The
practical course – open to those who have a matriculation certificate, agile
hands, exactitude and patience – lasts for 20 months, at the end of which they
receive official recognition as dental technicians.
The participants take
courses in anatomy, restoration, material sciences and the preparation of
dentures, implants and the principles of orthodontics.
Loewenstein course is appropriate for healthy people as well as those with
physical disabilities. Those who are disabled are assisted by psychologists,
social workers and others during their studies and their efforts to find work.
The National Insurance Institute refers disabled students to the course and the
demobilized soldiers are referred by the Israel