The new year is a time for frank introspection
and earnest resolutions, and US President Barack Obama engaged in
exactly that during an interview with Time magazine at the start of the second year of his presidency.
doing so, he showed considerable candor as he acknowledged having made
mistakes and missteps in his Middle East policy during the last year
even as he recommitted himself to the peace process.
But then again, internal reflection is one thing and public
confession quite another. Sharing as Obama did raises questions about
whether he's learned the right lessons.
For starters, detractors have long labeled Obama as naïve and hubristic; in the Time
interview, he seems to echo their assessment.
told Joe Klein that the political realities confronting Palestinian and
Israeli leaders made it harder than expected for them to come to the
negotiating table. "I think that we overestimated our ability to
persuade them to [negotiate] when their politics ran contrary to that,"
he said, adding later that, "If we had anticipated some of these
political problems on both sides earlier, we might not have raised
expectations as high."
It's as though legions of Middle East experts, Arab and Israeli
officials and large chunks of the American Jewish community hadn't told
the administration exactly that, repeatedly. Acknowledging not having
comprehended that reality smacks of, indeed, naivete; proceeding in the
face of such advice suggests, well, hubris.
another, one of the most widespread critiques of this administration's
approach to the peace process has been its penchant for declaring in
public what should have been whispered in private. The unfulfilled
demand of Israel to totally freeze settlements, including in East
Jerusalem, is perhaps the most outstanding such example, with many
observers suggesting that more closed-door communications would have
yielded better results, and it would also not have raised the stakes so
high that it became difficult for Arabs and Palestinians to accept
anything less than a complete construction halt.
These latest public ruminations, while honest, also might not
be strategically helpful. Whose cause does Obama aid, exactly, by
acknowledging that his administration misread the situation such that
it "overestimated" some of the basics, i.e., the difficulty of the
situation and that it is "as intractable a problem as you get"? Does it
inspire the confidence, does it command the respect whose lack some
have argued made it that much harder for the US president to extract
the concessions he sought from the parties?
And finally, one of Obama's major setbacks was his loss of the
Israeli street early on last year. That was one error, at least, that
the administration seemed to understand and actively attempt to fix in
Though Obama didn't make grander gestures of visiting Israel or
even giving interviews to the Israeli media, the White House did reach
out to American Jewry, heavily supporting Israel on issues like the
Goldstone report and Turkish shunning of the IDF, and publicly praised
the settlement moratorium Jerusalem eventually adopted.
Yet, in two breaths, Obama undermined those efforts, simultaneously sowing doubts about their sincerity.
In the interview, Obama said that for both sides‚ political
environments have made it "very hard for them to start engaging in a
meaningful conversation." This comment ignores Prime Minister Binyamin
Netanyahu's calls, from his first Oval Office meeting with Obama in
May, for an immediate resumption of peace talks with the Palestinians
(who, on the other hand, refuse to sit down without a total settlement
And worse yet, from an Israeli perspective, he went on to say
that, "Although the Israelis, I think, after a lot of time showed a
willingness to make some modifications in their policies, they still
found it very hard to move with any bold gestures."
In effect - if not his intention - Obama belittled a settlement
moratorium which, as US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton pointed out,
is unprecedented in its scope, not to mention Netanyahu's reversal to
endorse a Palestinian state and his willingness to hold substantive
More to the point, if Obama doesn't encourage Israelis for what
most see as the maximum Netanyahu and his right-wing coalition can
deliver short of Palestinian reciprocation, the public and government
will question the utility of further concessions. And they will raise
the charge that he still doesn't understand the political realities on
the ground in Israel.
It is perhaps no coincidence that Obama admitted a lack of
discernment concerning the "political problems" confronting Israelis
and Palestinians as he faced a major domestic reversal born in part by
a lack of discernment concerning the political problems of his own
In the loss of the Massachusetts US Senate seat held for 46
years by Democratic stalwart Ted Kennedy to an unknown Republican state
legislator, Obama forfeited his super-majority in the Senate and with
it the momentum for passing his signature legislation, health care, as
well as the sense of a popular mandate for his policy agenda.
Moreover, his political team's inability to assess and then
address the vulnerability of such a crucial seat, which should have
been a shoo-in for the Democrats, has raised questions about what else
his staff is missing. And what else he's no longer on top of.
These questions are being asked not just in Washington, but in Jerusalem and Cairo and Beirut.
As an Arab reporter said at a rare press briefing White House
National Security Council spokesman Mike Hammer held Friday: "Given the
increasing domestic problems you're having at home [in the US], how
will this impact the foreign policy agenda? There is an increasing
sense in the Middle East that this will tie the President's hands,
especially on the peace process; you know, that the administration is
in a weaker position and has less momentum than when you guys started."
In response Hammer reassured the reporter that
the president wouldn't be distracted from the peace process by his
political fortunes at home.
commitment is not driven at all by the politics of our country," he
said. "Don't be distracted by domestic politics; the President
certainly isn't when it comes to national security."
Pressed by another Arab reporter on Obama's Time
magazine quotes, and who exactly the president held responsible for the
current impasse, Hammer said that "this is not an issue of assigning
blame to either of the parties." Rather, he said, the course of events
needed to be put "in context," and referred to the Gaza war at the
start of Obama's term as creating a "difficult situation" that then
ended, but was followed by the election of the Netanyahu government.
"You had a new Israeli government, so from the get go it was
going to be a challenge to move forward and of course trying to
establish talks between the parties," Hammer said.
Still, he stressed, the main point was the White House's continued focus on the peace process.
As Obama said at the conclusion of the Time interview,
"We are going to continue to work with both parties to recognize what I
think is ultimately their deep-seated interest in a two-state solution
in which Israel is secure and the Palestinians have sovereignty and can
start focusing on developing their economy and improving the lives of
their children and grandchildren." Happy new year.