Kim Jong Il 311 AP.
(photo credit: AP)
South Korea — A defiant flash of North Korean artillery within sight of the island that it attacked this week sent a warning signal to Seoul and Washington: The North is not backing down.
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The apparent military drill Friday came as the top US commander in South Korea toured Yeonpyeong island to survey the wreckage from the rain of artillery three days earlier. As a US nuclear-powered aircraft carrier headed toward the Yellow Sea for exercises next week with South Korea, the North warned that the joint maneuvers will push the Korean peninsula to the "brink of war."
South Korea's government, meanwhile, struggled to recoup from the surprise attacks that killed four people, including two civilians, and forced its beleaguered defense minister to resign Thursday. President Lee Myung-bak on Friday named a former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to the post.
Tensions have soared between the Koreas since the North's strike Tuesday destroyed large parts of Yeonpyeong in a major escalation of their sporadic skirmishes along the disputed sea border.
The attack — eight months after a torpedo sank a South Korean warship,
killing 46 sailors — has laid bare Seoul's weaknesses in defense 60
years after the Korean War. Lee has ordered reinforcements for the 4,000
troops on Yeonpyeong and four other Yellow Sea islands, as well as
top-level weaponry and upgraded rules of engagement.
The heightened animosity between the Koreas comes as the North undergoes
a delicate transition of power from leader Kim Jong Il to his young,
inexperienced son Kim Jong Un, who is in his late 20s and is expected to
eventually succeed his ailing father.
Washington and Seoul have pressed China to use its influence on
Pyongyang to ease tensions amid worries of all-out war. A dispatch
Friday from Chinese state media saying Beijing's foreign minister had
met the North Korean ambassador appeared to be an effort to trumpet
China's role as a responsible actor and placate the US and the South.
US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and the Chinese Foreign Ministry
held telephone talks on the situation on the Korean Peninsula, AFP
According to the report, Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi also spoke
with the South Korean foreign minister and the North Korean ambassador
In a press statement, Jiechi said, "The pressing task now is to put the
situation under control and prevent a recurrence of similar incidents."
The foreign minister was referring to the exchange of artillery shells
between Seoul and Pyongyang, followed by threats and warnings of war,
The North sees the US-South Korean drills scheduled to start Sunday as a
major military provocation. Pyongyang unleashed its anger over the
planned exercises in a dispatch earlier Friday.
"The situation on the Korean peninsula is inching closer to the brink of
war," the report in the North's official Korean Central News Agency
A North Korean official boasted that Pyongyang's military "precisely
aimed and hit the enemy artillery base" as punishment for South Korean
military drills — a reference to Tuesday's attack — and warned of
another "shower of dreadful fire," KCNA reported.
China expressed worry over any war games in waters within its exclusive
economic zone, though the statement on the Foreign Ministry website
didn't mention the drills starting Sunday. That zone extends 230 miles
(370 kilometers) from China's coast and includes areas south of
Yeonpyeong cited for possible maneuvers, although the exact location of
the drills is not known.
Washington keeps more than 28,000 troops in South Korea to protect its
ally — a sore point for North Korea, which cites the U.S. presence as
the main reason behind its drive to build nuclear weapons.
Dressed in a heavy camouflage jacket, army fatigues and a black beret,
Sharp carefully stepped down a devastated street strewn with debris and
broken glass. Around him were charred bicycles and shattered bottles of
soju, Korean rice liquor.
On Friday, Associated Press photographers at an observation point on the
northwest side of Yeonpyeong heard explosions and saw at least one
flash of light on the North Korean mainland.
There were no immediate reports of damage. Only a few dozen residents
remain on Yeonpyeong, with most of its population fleeing in the hours
and days after the attack as authorities urged them to evacuate.
Many houses were burned out, half-collapsed or flattened, and the
streets were littered with shattered windows, bent metal and other
charred wreckage. Several stray dogs barked as they sat near destroyed
houses. South Korean marines carrying M-16 rifles patrolled along a
seawall at dawn.
About 200 South Koreans held a rally Friday in Seoul to denounce the
government's response to the attack as too weak. Similar recriminations
have come from opposition lawmakers and even members of Lee's own party,
leading to the resignation of Defense Minister Kim Tae-young on
There also has been intense criticism that Yeonpyeong was unprepared for
the attack and that the return fire came too slowly. Lee named former
Joint Chiefs of Staff chairman Kim Kwan-jin to the post, the president's
office said Friday.
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