South Korean army troops soldiers 311 AP.
(photo credit: AP)
SEOUL — North Korea dispatched its top diplomat to Russia on Saturday amid a flurry of regional diplomacy aimed at defusing tensions over Pyongyang's deadly artillery attack on South Korea.
North Korean Foreign Minister Pak Ui Chun left for Russia, the North's official Korean Central News Agency reported in a one-sentence report. No details were given, but Pak on Friday accused South Korea and the United States of pursuing a policy of hostility and confrontation and reiterating that Pyongyang needs its nuclear program to fend them off.
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"We once again feel convinced that we have made the right choice in strengthening our defenses with the nuclear deterrent," he said, according to an interview with the Russian news agency Interfax.
The trip comes two days after North Korean leader Kim Jong Il met in Pyongyang with Chinese State Councilor Dai Bingguo
Beijing's top foreign policy official. The two reached consensus on the
situation on the Korean peninsula during candid and in-depth talks,
China's official Xinhua News Agency has said, without elaborating.
It was not clear whether the two discussed the North's November 23
artillery attack on a South Korean island near the Koreas' disputed
western sea border. The barrage killed four South Koreans, including two
China has been under intense international pressure to use its diplomatic clout to rein in its ally North Korea.
Meanwhile, New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson will visit North Korea next
week, raising the prospect of a diplomatic resolution to the tensions.
He is to depart from the US on Tuesday.
The diplomatic troubleshooter has made regular visits to North Korea and
has also hosted North Korean officials in New Mexico. He helped win the
release of Americans held in North Korea in the 1990s and traveled to
Pyongyang in 2007 to recover remains of US servicemen killed in the
The flurry of diplomacy comes as South Korean President Lee Myung-bak
expressed optimism during this week's trip to Malaysia that the
reunification of Korea is drawing near.
"North Korea now remains one of the most belligerent nations in the
world," Lee said in the interview published Friday in The Star, a
Malaysian newspaper. But, he added, it's a "fact that the two Koreas
will have to coexist peacefully and, in the end, realize reunification."
In a speech Thursday night, Lee made similar remarks, saying that North
Koreans have become increasingly aware that the South is better off. He
did not elaborate on how their knowledge has expanded, but he said it
was "an important change that no one can stop."
"Reunification is drawing near," Lee said, according to the president's website.
He also called on China to urge ally Pyongyang to embrace the same
economic openness that has led millions of Chinese out of poverty — and
said that North Korean economic independence was the key to
Lee didn't give a specific timeframe for the reunification of Korea,
which was divided after the end of Japanese rule and officially remains
in a state of war because the Koreas' 1950-53 conflict ended with an
armistice, not a peace treaty.
It wasn't clear why Lee was making a push for reunification now. South
Korean leaders often call for a peaceful reunification with the North.
There is in Seoul, however, a wariness of the huge social and economic
costs associated with absorbing the impoverished North.
North Korea also has called repeatedly for reunification, but it
imagines integration under its authoritarian political system. It has
shown no sign that it would allow any reunification that results in its
absorption by the richer South.