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The prospect of higher energy prices should not stop the world from imposing sanctions against oil-rich Iran, US senators said.
Sen. John McCain, an Arizona Republican, said sanctions will be tough but that Iran poses a greater danger to the United States than Iraq at this point and must be contained.
"If the price of oil has to go up, then that's a consequence we would have to suffer," McCain said Sunday on CBS television's "Face the Nation."
Iran restarted its research at a nuclear facility last week after a two-year freeze. The Bush administration says Iran wants to make nuclear arms and is pursuing harsh penalties through the United Nations Security Council.
But it's unclear if the US has support from other Security Council members, particularly Russia and China. Iran is OPEC's second-largest producer, and trade restrictions could increase already high prices across the globe, even for nations that don't import oil from Iran.
Sen. Chuck Schumer, a New York Democrat, said Bush should do whatever he can to get support from Russia and China.
"They need stuff from us," Schumer said on "Fox News" television on Sunday. "They need trade. They need all kinds of assistance. We ought to play hardball with them."
McCain said it would be "abominable" for Russia and China to vote against sanctions. In that case, he said the US should pursue them anyway with other nations that are willing to support them.
Sen. Trent Lott, a Mississippi Republican, said penalties should be imposed as a response to Iran's "irresponsible" behavior. He pointed to Iran's announcement Sunday that it will hold a conference to examine evidence of the Holocaust. Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has called the Holocaust a "myth" and called for Israel to be wiped from the face of the earth.
"We cannot be intimidated by economic threats from their side," Lott said on CNN's "Late Edition." "At the very minimum, we should go to the U.N. Security Council and we should impose economic sanctions unless there's some dramatic change in the Iranian position."
Sen. Evan Bayh, an Indiana Democrat, said President George W. Bush should have dealt with threats from Iran years ago. He said Iran is the foremost sponsor of terrorism in the world and a "force for instability and death."
"I'm glad the president is finally speaking out about this, but for four long years they have ignored this problem," Bayh told CNN's "Late Edition." "It has brought us to the position that we're in today. And it has undermined the national security interests of the United States."
The senators agreed that the United States should pursue penalties and diplomatic options before taking military action against Iran.
"There's only one thing worse than the United States exercising the military option, that is, a nuclear-armed Iran," McCain said. "Now, the military option is the last option but cannot be taken off of the table."
In London on Sunday, a day ahead of when US, European and Chinese officials are slated to gather to discuss whether to bring Iran before the UN Security Council, Javier Solana, the European Union's foreign policy chief, said the international community is not considering military action against Iran over its nuclear program.
"It is not in the mind of anybody at this point in time to use military action, no," said Solana. "I hope very much that ... we will find a peaceful solution, a diplomatic solution."
The senators also agreed that Iran poses one of the most serious threats to the world since the Cold War.
"I don't think it's a stretch to say that if the Iranians had a nuclear missile that this president might well use it against Israel," said Sen. Dianne Feinstein, a California Democrat, on "Face the Nation."