US Capitol building in Washington DC 390.
(photo credit: Kevin Lamarque / Reuters)
WASHINGTON – Legislation to impose tough new sanctions on Iran could come to the
US Senate floor this week, just as diplomats head to Geneva for a third round of
talks aimed at curbing Tehran’s suspected nuclear weapons work.
Barack Obama has appealed to Congress to hold off on new sanctions to allow time
to pursue a diplomatic deal. But Congress is generally more hawkish about Iran
than the administration, and both Republicans and some of Obama’s fellow
Democrats have balked at any further delay.
frustrated that the Senate Banking Committee had delayed a tough new sanctions
package at the White House’s request, said that they were considering forcing
the issue by offering more restrictions on Iran as an amendment to a defense
authorization bill expected to come to the Senate floor by the middle of next
“That means we get the defense bill on the eve of ‘Geneva, Part
Three,’ and all of this back-and-forth between Congress and the White House
comes to a head,” a senior Senate aide said.
The issue of sanctions on
Iran is a rare area where US Republicans and Democrats work together. Supported
by the influential pro-Israel lobby, measures condemning Iran pass both houses
of Congress by overwhelming margins.
The House of Representatives
approved its tighter sanctions bill in July by a vote of 400 to 20.
the debate went on, lawmakers both for and against an increase in sanctions
issued statements spelling out their positions.
Four Republican senators
– Mark Kirk of Illinois, Marco Rubio of Florida, John Cornyn of Texas and Kelly
Ayotte of New Hampshire – wrote to Obama expressing deep concern about the
negotiations. The letter, obtained by Reuters on Friday, cited reports that Iran
would obtain up to $20 billion in sanctions relief but not be required to shut
down centrifuges, close facilities or get rid of enriched uranium.
senators explained their concerns, and said that tough new sanctions should be
put in place to increase pressure on Iran.
“Rather than forfeiting our
diplomatic leverage, we should increase it by intensifying sanctions until Iran
suspends its nuclear and ballistic missile programs in accordance with multiple
Security Council resolutions,” the four senators wrote.
Senator Dianne Feinstein, a senior Democrat who is chairwoman of the Senate
Intelligence Committee, said that she “strongly opposed” any attempt to increase
sanctions on Iran while the “P5+1” talks between Tehran, western powers, China
and Russia continued.
“Tacking new sanctions onto the defense
authorization bill or any other legislation would not lead to a better deal. It
would lead to no deal at all,” Feinstein said in a statement. “I am baffled by
the insistence of some senators to undermine the P5+1 talks. I will continue to
support these negotiations and oppose any new sanctions as long as we are making
progress toward a genuine solution.”
Senator Ted Cruz (R-Texas) told a
group of congressmen on Thursday afternoon that he supports new sanctions
legislation, and accused the Obama administration of giving away its leverage
with Iran through a bad deal. This is the time for more sanctions, he said,
adding that Obama was degrading the US-Israel relationship by grasping for “any
deal” it could achieve.
“I think it is likely the Senate will debate it
in the next couple of weeks,” Cruz told The Jerusalem Post
after his speech.
“The exact timing is up in the air, but I’m hopeful it’ll be sooner rather than
On whether he thought the bill would proceed independently or as
an amendment to the defense authorization bill, Cruz said: “That’s a question
still up for debate.”
The senator was one of many prominent figures to
address the Israel Allies Foundation on Thursday during its 2013 conference.