Iranian nuclear technicians 248.88 ap.
(photo credit: AP [file])
Iran has agreed to give the UN nuclear monitoring agency greater inspection and monitoring rights to a sensitive site where it is enriching uranium to higher levels, diplomats said Friday.
The move — indirectly confirmed by a senior Iranian envoy — comes as Teheran mounts a diplomatic offensive meant to stave off new UN sanctions for its defiance of Security Council demands that it curb nuclear activities that could be used to make weapons.
Iran began enriching uranium to near 20 percent two months ago and says it will be turned into fuel rods for a research reactors that manufacture medical isotopes for cancer patients. It says it was forced to take this step because the big powers refused to meet it half way on a moribund plan that would have supplied the rods from abroad.Related:Ahmadinejad: War games 'routine'Biden: Israel won’t strike Iran without consulting US
The International Atomic Energy Agency had pushed in vain for greater access to the enrichment operation since the start of the project, seeking to realign monitoring cameras already set up to oversee Iran's long-standing enrichment plant that is churning out much-lower-level uranium. It has also been asking for more frequent inspections, said the diplomats, who asked for anonymity because their information is confidential.
They said Iran agreed in principle earlier this month to give the IAEA the greater overview it sought, but the increased access and monitoring still had to be put in place.
Ali Asghar Soltanieh, the chief Iranian envoy to the IAEA, indirectly confirmed agreement, saying the two sides had "constructive talks" on the issue.
Iran last year rejected a UN-backed plan that offered nuclear fuel rods in exchange for Iran's stock of lower-level enriched uranium. That swap would have curbed Teheran's capacity to make a nuclear bomb.
Six world powers — the five permanent Security Council members plus Germany — endorsed the confidence-building proposal. Backed by the IAEA, the deal foresaw shipping 2,420 pounds (1,100 kilograms) of low-enriched uranium from Iran to Russia to be enriched to 20 percent, then to France for processing into fuel rods for the research reactor that makes nuclear isotopes needed for medical purposes.
Beyond meeting Iran's needs, the US and its allies saw the proposal as delaying Iran's ability to make a nuclear weapon by stripping it of much of the enriched uranium it would need for such a project. Teheran denies seeking such arms, insisting it is enriching only for an envisaged network of power-generating nuclear reactors.
Though Iran initially rejected the proposal, its leaders have tried to keep the offer on the table, proposing variations without accepting the Vienna-based IAEA's terms. The main stumbling block has been Teheran's refusal to ship the bulk of its low-enriched uranium abroad — a condition insisted upon by the West as key to slowing Iran's accumulation of enriched uranium and thereby any bomb-making capacities.
In the meantime, Iran has pushed ahead with further enriching uranium to 20 percent on its own, announcing this week that it has produced five kilograms (11 pounds) of the material, though it is not clear if it is able to take the next step of turning them into fuel rods for the reactor.
Any success in enriching up to that level brings Iran closer to quickly being able to make weapons grade uranium that serves as the core of nuclear warheads.
The Iranian concession comes just before the weekend visit of Iran's
foreign minister to Austria on the first stop of an international
campaign aimed at weakening a US-backed push for new UN sanctions.
Manouchehr Mottaki will meet Austrian counterpart Michael Spindelegger on Sunday, Austria's Foreign Ministry said.
is a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, which is
preparing to consider a fourth round of sanctions on Teheran for its
Before his trip, Mottaki said Iran wants to
talk with all council members except the US about a nuclear fuel deal
that was originally touted as a possible way to ease the international
standoff over Iran's nuclear program but has since hit a dead end.