hillary clinton 311.
(photo credit: AP)
VIENNA — The US, Russia and France have replied to a proposal by Iran to swap some of its enriched uranium for reactor fuel, effectively dismissing the idea hours before an expected UN Security Council vote Wednesday on new sanctions against Iran.
Three diplomats familiar with the matter said the reply contained a series of questions that in effect stalled any negotiations on the issue. They spoke to the Associated Press on condition of anonymity because their information was confidential.
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The three powers were united in saying the swap proposal negotiated by Brazil and Turkey would leave Iran with enough material to make a nuclear weapon, noting that Iran intends to continue a new program of enriching uranium to a higher level.
US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton on Tuesday called the proposed new UN sanctions against Iran's suspect nuclear program the toughest ever, telling reporters in Ecuador's capital that there was strong support for a fourth resolution penalizing Iran for its refusal to prove its nuclear program is peaceful and defying international demands to halt uranium enrichment.
"I think it is fair (to say) that these are the most significant sanctions that Iran has ever faced," Clinton said at a news conference with Ecuador's president. "The amount of unity that has been engendered by the international community is very significant."Gates: Our strategy is to persuade Iran it's headed in the wrong direction
She declined to predict the outcome of the vote in the 15-member Security Council, but US Defense Secretary Robert Gates in London said the measure would pass and pave the way for tougher additional measures by the US and its allies.
"The strategy here is a combination of diplomacy and pressure to persuade the Iranians that they are headed in the wrong direction in terms of their own security, that they will undermine their security by pursuit of nuclear weapons, not enhance it," Gates said.
In the final version of the UN resolution, obtained Monday by The
Associated Press, sanctions would be tougher than previous penalties but
still far short of crippling economic punishments or an oil embargo.
The sanctions would ban Iran from pursuing "any activity related to
ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons," bar Iranian
investment in activities such as uranium mining, and prohibit Iran from
buying several categories of heavy weapons including attack helicopters
and missiles.Measures may target firms linked to Revolutionary Guard
Annexes to the resolution, agreed to Tuesday, would target 40 new
Iranian companies or organizations, including 15 linked to Iran's
powerful Revolutionary Guard.
One person was added to the previous list of 40 Iranians subject to an
asset freeze, Javad Rahiqi, who heads the Atomic Energy Organization of
Iran's Esfahan Nuclear Technology Center.
The sanctions list also includes 22 companies or organizations involved
in nuclear or ballistic missile activities and three entities linked to
the Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines. If the resolution is
approved, the number of entities under sanctions would more than double
from 35 at present to 75.