US rushes Gulf defense systems

Official: Adjustments should be seen as measures designed to avoid aggression.

January 31, 2010 01:12
3 minute read.
Iranian missile carried on flatbed truck

Iran missile.. (photo credit: AP)


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The United States has begun beefing up its approach to defending its Persian Gulf allies against potential Iranian missile strikes, officials say. The defenses are being stepped up in advance of possible increased sanctions against Iran.

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The Obama administration has quietly increased the capability of land-based Patriot defensive missiles in several Gulf Arab nations, and one military official said the Navy is increasing the presence of ships capable of knocking out hostile missiles in flight.

The officials discussed aspects of the defensive strategy Saturday on condition of anonymity because some elements are classified.

The moves, part of a broader adjustment in the US approach to missile defense, including in Europe and Asia have been in the works for months. Details have not been publicly announced, in part because of diplomatic sensitivities in Gulf countries which worry about Iranian military capabilities but are cautious about acknowledging US Protection.

The White House will send a review of ballistic missile strategy to Congress on Monday that frames the larger shifts. Attention to defense of the Persian Gulf region, a focus on diffuse networks of sensors and weapons and cooperation with Russia are major elements of the study, according to documents obtained by The Associated Press.

Russia opposed Bush administration plans for a land-based missile defense site in Eastern Europe, and President Barack Obama's decision to walk away from that plan last year was partly in pursuit of new capabilities that might hold greater promise and partly in deference to Russia.

One military official said the adjustments in the Gulf should be seen as prudent defensive measures designed to deter Iran from taking aggressive action in the region, more than as a signal that Washington expects Iran to retaliate for any additional sanctions.

Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton consulted with numerous allies during a visit to London this week. She told reporters that the evident failure of US offers to engage Iran in negotiations over its nuclear program means the US will now press for additional sanctions against the Iranian government.

Gen. David Petraeus, the US Central Command chief who is responsible for US military operations across the Middle East, mentioned in several recent public speeches one element of the defensive strategy in the Gulf: upgrading Patriot missile systems, which originally were deployed in the region to shoot down aircraft but now can hit missiles in flight.

In remarks at Georgetown Law School on Jan. 21, Petraeus said the US now has eight Patriot missile batteries stationed in the Gulf region — two each in four countries. He did not name the countries, but Kuwait has long been known to have Patriots on its territory.

A military official said Saturday that the three other countries are the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain — which also hosts the US Navy's 5th Fleet headquarters — and Qatar, home to a modernized US air operations center that has played a key role in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.

In related news, the American political Web site reported Saturday that CIA director Leon Panetta traveled to Israel last week.

According to the report, Panetta met with Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, with Defense Minister Ehud Barak and with Mossad chief Meir Dagan. The three, according to an unnamed Israeli official quoted by the Web site, discussed Iran as well as bilateral relations.

Panetta also traveled to Egypt and met with intelligence chief Omar Suleiman and other officials during the same tour. The Jerusalem Post could not verify the report.

Meanwhile, President Shimon Peres met with new International Atomic Energy Agency head Yukiya Amano on Saturday, the first time a senior Israeli official has met the head of the UN nuclear watchdog organization.

The president expressed hope that under Amano’s  leadership the organization would act in a determined and serious manner against ’s nuclear arms pursuit.

Peres emphasized that had not respected the organization and had not abided by its resolutions. He said nuclear arms in the hands of a “fanatic” leadership like ’s posed a threat not only to , but to the entire world.

Amano said that a report he planned to submit soon to IAEA governors would include the issue, and said that the Islamic republic had not given enough respect to IAEA resolutions. Amano added that he planned to visit the in the next few months. 

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