Timeline: Ariel Sharon

January 5, 2006 21:16
sharon 101

sharon 101. (photo credit: Ministry of Defense)

  • February 27, 1928 Born Ariel Sheinerman in Kfar Malal
  • 1942 Joins Hagana at age 14, active guarding outlying Jewish settlements
  • 1945 Graduates from Tel Aviv's Geula Secondary school
  • 1948 Commands infantry company in the Alexandroni Brigade during Israel's War of Independence, wounded in Latrun
  • 1951 Serves as Chief Intelligence officer of the Central Command
  • 1952 Serves as Chief Intelligence officer in Northern Command, establishes close alliance with then chief of staff Moshe Dayan
  • 1952 Enrolls at Hebrew University in Jerusalem to study oriental culture and history
  • 1953 Marries first wife Margalit
  • 1953 Founds and leads the special commando unit "101," which participates in reprisal operations in Jordan, Egypt and Syria
  • 1954 Wounded at Kissufim
  • 1956 Serves as commander of Paratroop corps during Sinai Campaign, his troop suffers heavy casualties
  • 1957 Attends Camberley Staff College in Great Britain for advanced military staff command training
  • 1958 Appointed commander of Infantry School
  • 1962 Appointed commander of armored Infantry Brigade
  • 1962 Graduates with LL.B in Law from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  • 1962 Wife Margalit killed in automobile accident
  • 1964 Appointed Head of the Northern Command Staff
  • 1964 Marries second wife Lily, the younger sister of Margalit
  • 1966 Appointed Head of the Army Training Department, the youngest ever to hold such a position in the IDF
  • 1967 Six Day War, Sharon's armored division breaks Egyptian front, pushes enemy back across Suez Canal
  • 1969 Appointed Head of the Southern Command Staff
  • 1972 Reprimanded by then Defense Minister Moshe Dayan after being accused of applying unacceptable and unauthorized methods of dealing with terrorists
  • July 1973 Retires from the military with the rank of Major-General
  • 1973 Recalled to active military service in the Yom Kippur War to command an armored division; leads the crossing of the Suez Canal which brought about victory in the war and eventual peace with Egypt
  • December 1973 Elected into Knesset on right-wing Gachal ticket
  • January 20, 1974 Leaves army permanently
  • 1974 Elected to Knesset on Likud ticket, serves as Security Adviser to then prime minister Yitzhak Rabin
  • 1975 Resigns from Knesset
  • 1977 Elected to Knesset on Shlomzion ticket
  • 1977 Joins Herut party; appointed Minister of Agriculture, in which position he actively pursues agricultural cooperation with Egypt
  • 1981 Appointed Defense Minister; serves in this position during Lebanon War which brought about destruction of PLO terrorist infrastructure there; Renews diplomatic relations with African nations; Spearheads first strategic cooperation agreement with the United States Helps bring thousands of Ethiopian Jews into Israel via Sudan
  • 1983 Resigns as Defense Minister after commission finds him indirectly responsible for 1982 massacre of Palestinians at Sabra and Shatila refugee camps by Lebanese Christians
  • 1983-1984 Remains minister-without-portfolio
  • 1984 Serves as Minister of Industry and Trade until 1990
  • 1985 Concludes Free Trade Agreement with US
  • 1990 Appointed Minister of Construction and Housing and Chairman of the Ministerial Committee on Immigration and Absorption
  • 1990 Heads program to absorb immigrants from Russia after fall of Soviet Union, which includes construction of 144,000 apartments
  • 1992-1996 Member of Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee
  • 1996 Appointed Minister of National Infrastructure; fosters joint ventures with Jordan, Egypt and the Palestinians; serves as Chairman of Ministerial Committee for Beduin Advancement
  • 1998 Appointed Foreign Minister; heads permanent status negotiations with the Palestinian Authority; meets with US and European leaders to advance the peace process
  • May 1999 Becomes interim Likud party leader after the resignation of Binyamin Netanyahu
  • September 1999 Elected Chairman of the Likud
  • 2000 Second wife Lily dies of cancer
  • 2000 Controversial vist to the al-Aksa mosque
  • February 6, 2001 Elected Prime Minister of 16th Knesset in landslide victory
  • October 2002 National unity government breaks up, forcing Sharon to call elections for early 2003
  • 2003 Likud victory in national elections
  • 2003 Sharon's government accepts the internationally supported road map peace plan, resumes talks with the Palestinians
  • Summer 2005 Pushed by Sharon, the plan to withdraw from the Gaza Strip and northern West Bank is approved, drawing much resistance from the settler movement and its supporters
  • August 17, 2005 Israel begins the disengagement which is fully completed by early September
  • November 21, 2005 Sharon quits the Likud and establishes center-line party Kadima; many of his colleagues follow
  • December 18, 2005 Suffers minor stroke; returns to work within days
  • January 4, 2006 Suffers massive hemorrhagic stroke; prognosis reported as "extremely bleak" after surgery
  • February 11, 2006 While in coma, Sharon suffered a major setback on Saturday when a clot in an artery in his abdomen closed off the blood supply to part of his large intestine and required the surgical removal of a third (50 centimeters) of it. Taken from The Jerusalem Post archives and Jewish Virtual Library. Compiled by Sari Cohen.

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