DINA BUCHLER-CHEN 311.
(photo credit: Yossi ben David)
• Dina Buchler-Chen
Buchler-Chen was born in 1940 in Zagreb, Yugoslavia (today
Smuggled out of Loborgrad labor camp by her family as a
toddler, she was raised by non-Jew Djina-Gertruda Beritic and her sons until a
cousin reclaimed her after World War II. She made aliya in 1948 and went on to
complete a master’s degree in microbiology and biochemistry at Bar-Ilan
Dina maintained warm relations with her rescuers, and went
back to Yugoslavia several times to visit them. In 1994, Djina-Gertruda
Beritic and her son Tihomil were recognized as Righteous Among the Nations by
• Chava Pressburger
Pressburger was born in 1930 in Prague,
Czechoslovakia (nowadays the Czech Republic).
Born to a mixed Jewish-
Christian couple who met through the Esperanto movement, she was deported to the
Terezin ghetto with her father and artist brother Petr. At Terezin, Petr
continued to paint. A facsimile of one of his painting of a lunar landscape was
taken with Israeli astronaut Col. Ilan Ramon on his mission to space in 2003.
Petr was murdered at Auschwitz by the Nazis. After the war Chava became an
artist and he made aliya in 1949.• Simcha Applebaum
Applebaum was born
in 1927 in Malcz, Poland (nowadays Belarus).
He was deported with his
family to the Prozhna ghetto in 1941. He escaped and fought with the partisans
for months before being caught by the Germans, who sent him to Auschwitz. He
survived two death marches, during which he vowed to fight for a Jewish state if
he lived. After the war he made aliya, helped found Kibbutz Netzer Sereni, near
Ness Ziona, and fought in the IDF, reaching the rank of colonel.•
Aviel was born in 1929 in Duaglishok, Poland (nowadays
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He survived the massacre of his village in which his mother and
siblings were killed, by escaping into the forest. There, he joined his brother
and father and fought for the partisans until his liberation in 1944. His
brother and father were both killed fighting.
After the war he made aliya
and took part in Israel’s struggle for independence fighting with the IDF.
Following his discharge, Aviel became a businessman and published books on his
experiences during the Holocaust. He testified at the Adolf Eichmann
trial in 1961. He has three children and nine grandchildren.• Yona
Fuchs was born in 1925 in Lwow, Poland (nowadays
Fuchs and his family were deported to the Lwow ghetto by the
Nazis in 1941. For a time they hid in an attic until they were sent to the
Lwow-Janowska concentration camp in the summer of 1942. On Christmas Eve,
Fuchs escaped with a friend, Marian Pretzel, by digging underneath the
Together they traveled to Kiev posing as Polish tradesman where,
thanks to his fluency in German, Fuchs found a job as an interpreter for a
German company. Charged by his employers with recruiting additional workers, he
went back to Lwow and brought back 20 Jews, including his brother and father,
who were later killed by the Gestapo. The 18 others all survived the
Later, Yona and Marain forged documents and posed as German soldiers
to escape to Romania. In 1944, he arrived in Mandatory Palestine and took part
in the War of Independence.
He has four grandchildren by his first wife,
who is deceased, and three children and 10 grandchildren by his second.•
Andrei Calarasu (born Bernard Grupper)
Calarasu was born in 1930 in Botosani,
He survived an eight-day ordeal in 1941 during the Jassy pogrom
committed by police, Romanian and German soldiers, and local
During the war he was a forced laborer for the Fascists until
his liberation by the Red Army in 1945. After the war he changed his name
to avoid prejudice and went on to become a film director in Romania.
made aliya in 1965 where he worked for the Israel Broadcasting Authority for
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