seder plate 88.
(photo credit: )
Over 90 percent of Israeli Jews, we are told, celebrate the Pessah Seder, in some form or another. For a society that is often described as predominantly secular or anti-religious, and drawn to the vacuous MTV and "feel good" culture, this is a very high proportion.
But the continuing centrality of this tradition, which has continued for over 3,500 years, should not be surprising. As Jews, we are defined by our common history, with the Exodus from Egypt, from slavery into freedom, and the entry into the Land of Israel as the defining events. The Seder is a reaffirmation of this legacy, and its centrality to Jewish continuity.
In 1947, David Ben-Gurion appeared before the United Nations Commission weighing Jewish and Arab claims as the Mandate period was ending. Ben Gurion's remarks focused on Jewish history, with Pessah at the center: "Three hundred years ago, a ship called the Mayflower left for the New World... Is there a single Englishman who knows the exact date and hour of the Mayflower's launch? ...Do they know how many people were in the boat? Their names? What they wore? What they ate?"
He contrasted this record with that of the Jewish people. "More than 3,300 years before the Mayflower set sail, the Jews left Egypt. Any Jewish child, whether in America or Russia, Yemen or Germany, knows that his forefathers left Egypt at dawn on the 15th of Nisan. ...Their belts were tied and their staffs were in their hands. They ate matzot, and arrived at the Red Sea after seven days..."
AT THE opposite end of the scale, the attempt to deprive us of this history marks the greatest threat to Jewish survival - more dangerous than Iranian nuclear weapons or Palestinian terrorism.
This campaign to erase or rewrite the Jewish experience takes many forms. The Arab and Palestinian version, which has an increasing number of subscribers in Europe and among radical academics in North America, denies the link between the Jewish people and the Land of Israel. Jews are portrayed not as the indigenous people returning to their homeland, but as "imperialists" and "neo-colonialists," while the history, including the Exodus, is downgraded to the status of "myth," or, at best, another narrative - stories for children with little wider importance.
In July 2000, at the Camp David summit, when Yasser Arafat told president Bill Clinton that the Jews never had a Temple in Jerusalem, he was not creating a new version of the denial of this historical legacy. While the PLO leader may not have known that in this, he was a member in good standing of the post-modernist school, in which all "histories" are simply narratives, and no version is any more valid or factual than another.
Except that post-modernists, as well as Arab rejectionists, claim a special status for the non-Westerners and victims of colonialism, giving the Arab and Palestinian versions preference, and classifying Jews, perversely, as part of the "colonialist West." And like Arafat, the leaders of Hamas who have taken power in the Palestinian Authority, along with the ayatollahs who control the Iranian regime, refuse to accept the realities of Jewish history.
Similarly, among many diplomats, journalists and academics, the ancient Jewish connection with the Land of Israel, long before Christianity and Islam were formed, has been replaced by the Palestinian claims. In this version, the 1948 Arab invasion of Israel has been transformed into Jewish aggression against innocent Arab civilians, turning them into refugees and victims. And the continuing Palestinian terror attacks are portrayed as the result of the post-1967 "occupation," erasing the previous car bombs and other attacks.
In Europe and elsewhere outside the Middle East, this readiness to discard history, at least for the Jews, is reinforced by the political and economic convenience in adopting a pro-Arab position. As De Gaulle first realized in the 1960s, Arabs far outnumber Jews, and have a great deal of oil to sell. Furthermore, both Christians and Muslims see themselves as "replacement religions," claiming to have superseded the Jews.
Replacement theology was explicitly invoked by the leaders of the Anglican Church's recent anti-divestment vote, in support of the Palestinian and Muslim rejection of the Jewish return to active status on the world stage. From this theological position, it is more convenient to erase this history than to deal with the assertion of Jewish rights that date back 4,000 years.
In the face of this campaign, the Pessah Seder is our collective opportunity to reclaim and reassert Jewish history and the centrality of this legacy. As Ben Gurion told the diplomatic jury in 1947: "Jews worldwide still eat matza for seven days from the 15th of Nisan, and retell the story of the Exodus, concluding with the fervent wish, 'Next Year in Jerusalem.' This is the nature of the Jewish people."
The writer directs the Program on Conflict Management at Bar Ilan University, and is the editor of NGO Monitor.