What are the regulations governing school bus transportation? Who is in charge of implementing them? And how effectively are they being monitored? According to joint regulations from September 1, 2006, of the Education and Transportation ministries (which appear on a printed card for parents), all vehicles transporting children to and from school, including buses and minibuses, must be equipped with seat belts for every seat. Vehicles not equipped with belts are not allowed to transport children to school. In addition, it is mandatory for the children to wear seat belts. Every school transportation vehicle must be no older than 10 years and have a special license to transport children to school. The vehicle must also have a sign with the word "children" displayed in both the front and back windows, and carry a first aid kit and a fire extinguisher. And as of December 1, 2006, every vehicle must have special signal lights indicating it is a school bus. Moreover, the driver must have a special license that entitles him to drive a school transportation vehicle. The vehicle is not allowed to move until all students are seated. The driver must stop at predetermined stops adjacent to the sidewalk. Before opening the door for children to enter or exit, he must turn on the special signal lights and leave them on as long as the doors are open. The driver cannot start driving before he verifies that all children getting off have completed exiting and moved away from the vehicle. At the end of the route, the drive must make sure that no child is left in the vehicle. Children over the age of eight can use regular seat belts - either shoulder belts or waist belts. Children under eight are not allowed to use shoulder belts, only waist belts. If only shoulder belts are available, these children need to be in a booster seat. Children under the age of three need special toddler car seats attached to the seat with a seat belt. For special education, there must be an accompanying adult on the vehicle to assist the children in entering and exiting, and where needed in buckling the seat belts or securing wheelchairs.

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