Kamal Subhi, formerly on the faculty of Saudi Arabia’s King Fahd University,
recently joined other clerics in warning that if the Saudi ban on women driving
is lifted, mixing of genders will increase and that, in turn, will encourage
premarital relations. If women are allowed to drive, he said, in 10 years’ time
the kingdom will have no virgins left. “The virgin dearth,” I guess we
could call it. In Europe – and I’m not making this up – a Muslim cleric ruled
that women should not touch or be proximate to bananas and cucumbers, in order
to avoid “sexual thoughts.” Their fathers or husbands should chop them before
they eat them, he suggested. Ouch.
It’s tempting to laugh, of course, to
point to the absurdity that can result when a religious tradition develops
thoroughly unfettered by any contact with or influence from the outside world,
guided by clerics with the narrowest intellectual training
imaginable. But before we point with derision to Saudi Arabia and some
dark corners of Europe, it wouldn’t be a bad idea to look around and remind
ourselves of what’s unfolding right here at home.
Israel, our perky
start-up nation, now has another credit of which to boast. We have our very own
Rosa Parks. Her name is Tania Rosenblit; she’s the young woman who refused to
move to the back of the bus when instructed to do so by haredi passengers on a
bus from Ashdod to Jerusalem. It’s almost 2012 – practically 99 years since Rosa
Parks was born. But parts of the Jewish state are still struggling to enter the
20th century, which, of course, ended over a decade ago.
none too soon, Israel’s Ashkenazi chief rabbi, Yona Metzger, rushed to condemn
the segregation of men and women on public buses. “We [the ultra-Orthodox] don’t
have the authority to force our ideas on others,” he asserted. “This state does
not belong to the haredi community.”
Ah, so there’s the problem. The
issue is not that it’s wrong to relegate women to the back of the bus (why don’t
the men go to the back of the bus and let the women sit up front if they’re so
worried?) or that the segregation of men and women on buses is absurd (does
insurmountable temptation really lurk at every stop?) but simply because the
haredim don’t (yet?) have the political power they need to enforce
this. Metzger’s concern was only tactical – the haredim were
over-reaching. Not a word about the shamefulness of a society in which men and
women cannot respectfully and properly occupy the same public space or how
similar to Saudi Arabia we seem intent on becoming. Will there be a separate
section on the bus for women carrying uncut fruit?
Buses are far from the full
extent of it, of course. Now we learn that the Karmiel Employment Bureau
has assigned different days for men and women seeking unemployment compensation.
But lest we worry that this is fundamentalism-creep, rest assured, it’s only an
administrative nicety. It is “more convenient” for men and women to use the
office’s services on different days, the office explained to Ynet. “It prevents
stress and chaos in the waiting room and is more aesthetic.” Aesthetic? How’s
And let’s not forget the still-simmering controversy over women
singing at army ceremonies. Since halachic rulings are apparently immutable,
Israel’s noble political leaders are resorting to – what else? – technology.
That, after all, is where we Israelis shine. Sephardi Chief Rabbi Shlomo
Amar has a brilliant solution: he simply puts his fingers in his ears when women
sing at army events. (I would pay for a photograph of that.)
Not to be outdone,
and perhaps in order not to offend those singing young women (who are actually
in the army serving their country – yes, some people still do that, apparently)
who might find the sight of the state’s chief rabbi with his fingers stuck in
his ears somewhat disconcerting or even offensive, Shas MK Nissim Ze’ev has a
much better idea: religious men should simply use earplugs when women sing.
Brilliant. One only hopes that they remember to remove them before
heading into battle. I’m told that being able to hear your commander can
increase effectiveness in combat. Unless you had no intention of obeying his
orders in the first place, I guess.
And we have, infinitely worse, the
burning of mosques, vicious and violent attacks on Israeli soldiers by
radicalized settlers and an emerging national debate as to whether (or when) the
army is going to have to start shooting them. And our government? It’s tiptoeing
around, doing nothing and saying little, its only genuine concern that the
coalition not be weakened.
AH, THE joys of Jewish sovereignty, the
nobility of Jewish independence. A.D. Gordon, Ahad Ha’am, Ze’ev Jabotinsky and
David Ben-Gurion may have all disagreed in life, but now they have one thing in
common – they are undoubtedly turning in their graves. That, by the way, was the
real absurdity of those much-discussed ads begging Israelis abroad to come home.
Those pot-shots at Jewish life in America (gratuitous and simplistic, a bit
offensive and not entirely wrong) utterly missed the point – maybe those
Israelis live in America because what’s unfolding in Israel is so thoroughly
unappealing to them. Maybe they’ve noticed that back “home” in Israel the
pockets of outrage against all of this violence and medievalism are tiny,
It’s Hanukka, our collective reminder that in an era of
darkness, Jews struggle to create more light. Do those of us unafraid of
cucumbers or mixed buses, those of us who believe that women serving their
country ought to be able to sing, those of us who are ashamed of a country that
takes only the feeblest action against Jews who do to mosques what anti- Semites
did to our synagogues not that long ago, possess the courage of which this
holiday is a reminder? Will we, like the Maccabees, take our country back before
it’s too late?
It’s hard to know. So far, it seems we are so desperately afraid
of our external enemies that we’ll support at all costs a government that just
watches as the country rots from within.
At moments like this, it’s hard
not to think about the Altalena
affair. Tragic though it was, it was the
defining moment at which Ben-Gurion made it clear to all that there would be one
central authority in the Jewish state. Those who sought to subvert it would be
treated in accordance with what they were – threats to the state’s very
existence. One prays that some progress can be made here without the use of
force. But if it cannot, it’s worth remembering that we once had a prime
minister who knew what had to be done.
But then, of course, it’s been a
very long time since we’ve had a leader with that character, that confidence,
those deeply held commitments. These days, with Hanukka reminding us of the
enormous power of convictions, it would be nice to have some leadership with any
principles at all.Daniel Gordis is president of the Shalem Foundation
and senior fellow at the Shalem Center in Jerusalem. His latest book, Saving
Israel: How the Jewish People Can Win a War that May Never End (Wiley), won the
2009 National Jewish Book Award. His next book, The Promise of Israel: Why Its
Seemingly Greatest Weakness is Actually Its Greatest Strength, will be published