CAIRO - The first batch of Arab League monitors will head to Syria next week to assess whether Damascus is abiding by an Arab peace plan to end a nine-month crackdown on protesters, Egypt's state news agency reported on Friday.
"The mission of Arab League monitors will leave for Syria this Monday under the leadership of (Sudanese general) Mohammed Ahmed Mustafa al-Dabi," Arab League deputy secretary general Ahmed Ben Helli was quoted by Egypt's Middle East news agency as saying. The mission would comprise more than 50 people, he said.
Arab League team in Syria to prepare
Syria launches offensive against rebel
Suicide car bombers struck Damascus on Friday, officials said, gutting buildings and sending human limbs flying in the bloodiest violence in Syria's capital since a revolt began nine months ago.
An interior ministry spokesman raised the death toll to 44 people in an evening address on state television. He blamed al-Qaida for the blasts, which hit two security compounds and came a day after the arrival of Arab League officials to prepare for a monitoring team that will check whether President Bashar al-Assad is implementing a plan to end the bloodshed.
Assad has unleashed tanks and troops to try to crush nine months of street protests inspired by other Arab uprisings this year. Mainly peaceful rallies are now increasingly eclipsed by an armed insurgency against his military and security apparatus.
But Friday's blasts in central Damascus signaled a dramatic escalation in violence, which Syrian authorities blame on armed groups they say have killed 2,000 soldiers and security force members this year. The United Nations says Assad's crackdown has killed 5,000 people.
"It's a new phase. We're getting militarized here," said Joshua Landis, a Syria expert at the University of Oklahoma who felt Friday's bombs were a "small premonition" of what may come in a country that some analysts see slipping towards civil war.
"This is when the Syrian opposition is beginning to realize they are on
their own," he added, referring to Western reluctance to intervene
militarily in Syria.
The interior ministry spokesman said 166 people were wounded by the
explosions. It broadcast footage of mangled bodies being carried in
blankets and stretchers into ambulances.
Bloodied streets were littered with human remains, blackened hulks of cars and a row of corpses wrapped in sheets.
"This is a qualitative escalation of the terrorist operations that Syria
has been exposed to for the last nine months," the interior ministry
"These two suicide terrorist operations show, once again, the real face of the plot seeking to shake Syria's stability."
He said the first car bomb struck the main entrance of Damascus security
branch at 10:18. The second bomb, one minute later, hit a central
Foreign Ministry spokesman Jihad Makdesi said the attacks were carried
out by "terrorists (trying) to sabotage the will for change" in Syria,
and followed warnings from Lebanon that al-Qaida fighters had
infiltrated Syria from Lebanese territory.
The United States condemned the attacks, saying there was "no
justification for terrorism of any kind" and that the work of the Arab
League should not be hindered.
There was no immediate claim of responsibility. Al-Qaida are Sunni
Muslim militants. Assad and Syria's power elite belong to the Alawite
branch of Shi'ite Islam while the majority of Syrians, including
protesters and insurgents, are Sunnis.
Assad's opponents said the attack could have been staged to drive home
the government's argument. "We have all sorts of suspicions that this
could be organized by the regime itself," said Basma Qadmani,
spokeswoman for the Syrian National Council.
Activists said they were surprised at the speed with which authorities
leveled accusations at al-Qaida, barely an hour after the explosions
shook a central district which residents said is well-policed and has
restrictions on traffic movement.
"I believe the blast was engineered by the Syrian regime," Lebanon's anti-Syrian former prime minister Saad al-Hariri said.
Syria has generally barred foreign media from the country, making it hard to verify accounts of events from either side."War in Syria"
Analysts said authorities were unlikely to have staged an attack that only serves to highlight their vulnerability.
"There is a war going on in Syria now," said Rami Khouri, director of
the Issam Fares Institute in Beirut, saying various armed rebel or
Islamist groups could have staged the bombings.
The last serious attack of its kind in the tightly-controlled Syrian
capital was three years ago, when a car bomb went off near a security
complex, killing 17 civilians.
That attack, for which Syrian authorities blamed an Islamist suicide
bomber using a car brought in from a unnamed neighboring Arab country
the day before, was one of the biggest in Damascus since an Islamist
militant campaign in the 1980s against Hafez al-Assad, late father of
the current president.
Hilal Khashan, a political scientist at the American University in
Beirut, said neither the government nor al-Qaida were likely to have
been responsible for Friday's attack.
"When it comes to security in Damascus ... the government does not play games," he said.
"I think this is the symptom of desperation after so many Syrians have seen blood and death in the crushing of protests."
The United Nations says Assad's forces have killed more than 5,000
people in their crackdown on the protests, which erupted in March
instigated by uprisings that toppled autocratic leaders in Tunisia,
Egypt and Libya over the course of the year.
The opposition Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said 15 civilians
were killed outside the capital on Friday, eight of them in the city of
Homs which has been a center of protest.
The intensifying violence on both sides in Syria has raised fears that
the country is drifting towards civil war. Downtown Damascus and Syria's
second city Aleppo hitherto had largely escaped the turmoil now common
in many other cities and towns.
"First I heard an explosion and then, all of a sudden, I saw human limbs
flying everywhere," said a man interviewed by Syrian television near
the site of the attack in Kafr Sousa.
His head and face were covered in bandages.
State media said the Arab League delegation, which will be seeking
assurances of free movement for 150 monitors due to arrive in Syria by
the end of the month, had visited the sites of the explosions to inspect
The monitors are supposed to verify Syria's implementation of an Arab
League peace plan it agreed six weeks ago, which stipulates a withdrawal
of troops from protest-hit cities and towns, release of prisoners and
dialogue with the opposition.
Arab League sources have said the advance team, led by top League
official Samir Seif al-Yazal, comprises a dozen people, including
financial, administrative and legal experts.
Activists say Assad, 46, is still trying to suppress public dissent with
military force despite European Union and Arab League sanctions, and
his avowed commitment to the peace plan.
Damascus says more than 1,000 prisoners have been freed since the Arab
plan was agreed and the army has pulled out of cities. Anti-Assad
activists deny any such pullout has occurred.
The government has promised a parliamentary election early next year as
well as constitutional reform that might loosen the Baath Party's
48-year grip on power.
Syrian pro-democracy activists are deeply skeptical about Assad's
commitment to the plan. If implemented, it could embolden demonstrators
demanding an end to his 11-year rule, which followed three decades of
domination by his father.
The British-based Avaaz rights group said on Thursday it had evidence of
more than 6,237 deaths of civilians and security forces in the
conflict, 617 of them under torture. At least 400 of the dead were
children, it said.