Assad 311 reuters.
(photo credit: reuters)
AMMAN - Syrian President Bashar Assad addressed the nation on Monday as his forces sweep through the northwestern border region with Turkey blocking refugees fleeing a military crackdown on protests against his autocratic rule.
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The operation along the border follows the biggest protests in four months of anti-Assad unrest on Friday which a violent clampdown has failed to quash. Security forces shot dead up to 19 protesters on Friday, rights groups said.
Assad's will address "current circumstances", the state news agency said, his first speech since April 16 and only his third since protests began in the southern Hauran Plain on March 18.
Syria's ambassador to Washington said in a newspaper interview his government differentiates between the legitimate demands of protesters and those of armed gangs and said Assad will deal with "all these issues in his speech".
More than 10,000 Syrian refugees have already crossed into Turkey and Turkish officials say another 10,000 are sheltering close to the border just inside Syria in the olive groves and rich farmland around the town of Jisr al-Shughour.
But Syrian human rights campaigner Ammar al-Qurabi said the army was now stopping those still inside Syria from leaving.
"The Syrian army has spread around the border area to prevent frightened
residents from fleeing across the border to Turkey," he told Reuters.
Qurabi also accused pro-government forces of attacking people trying to
aid the refugees as they fled.
The violence so close to its border challenges Turkey's foreign policy
of "zero problems with neighbors" that has seen it befriend the Middle
East's autocratic rulers while presenting itself as a champion of
Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan Turkey has pledged to keep
his borders open to refugees and has called the Syrian government
crackdown "savagery", but beyond words, it is not clear whether Ankara's
rapprochement with Damascus has earned Turkey any influence with Assad
to halt the violence.