Hamas' army of women campaigners - veiled university students knocking on doors and promising housewives a better future - played a key role in the Islamic militants' election victory.
Women voted in record numbers, and more women than men supported Hamas, pollsters said Friday.
Seventeen of the 132 new legislators, or nearly 13 percent, are women. That's double the share of female legislators in the outgoing parliament, and ostensibly a breakthrough in the male-run Palestinian society.
"It's not just a question of numbers," said liberal legislator Hanan Ashrawi. "There will be more women (in parliament) who are conscious of women's rights ... There will also be women who are not committed to equality."