Shiite Ashoura 311.
(photo credit: Associated Press)
BEIRUT — Shiites across the Muslim world commemorated their most somber day of the year Thursday with solemn processions where some beat their chests or cut themselves with swords and chains to mourn the death of one of their most beloved saints 1,300 years ago.
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Bombings in Iraq targeted Shiite pilgrims, killing two as they walked to holy sites. In Lebanon, Shiite Hezbollah leader Hassan Narsallah used an address marking the occasion, called Ashoura, to call for armed resistance against Israel and unity between Shiites and Sunnis.
In Afghanistan, President Hamid Karzai urged insurgents to embrace peace.
This year's Ashoura comes amid tensions between Islam's rival Sunni and Shiite sects.
Two suicide bombings Wednesday blamed on a radical Sunni group killed at least 39 people at a ceremony marking Ashoura near a Shiite mosque in southeastern Iran. The group, Jundallah, or Soldiers of God, claimed responsibility for the attck in a statement posted on its website.
Security was tight Thursday at Ashoura commemorations in Sunni-majority Pakistan, where a long-running sectarian conflict has gained traction in recent years due to the Sunni Taliban insurgency. Shiite Muslim processions in major cities have at times been attacked by bombers.
To mark Ashoura, Shiites march in massive processions, beating their chests in mourning for the 680 A.D. martyrdom at Karbala, present-day Iraq, of Imam Hussein, one of the sect's most beloved saints and a grandson of the Prophet Muhammad.
But the most devout of Shiites cut themselves with swords or razors, or lash their backs with razor-lined chains to draw blood, rituals that reflect the sect's immersion in a narrative of mourning, martyrdom and suffering.
Police were out in force in Karachi, Pakistan's largest city. As in Islamabad, Pakistan's capital, people who wanted to join the main procession in the city had to undergo body searches. Thousands of people joined in, hoisting flags and banners as they mourned Hussein.
Iraqi Shiites did not make their customary annual pilgrimage to a holy shine in southern Jordan this year, amid rising Sunni-Shiite Muslim tensions in the Arab world.
Hundreds of Shiites from Iraq and Iran usually visit the shrine of Jaafar bin Abi Taleb, one of Prophet Muhammad's companions, in Jordan's southern town of Mazar to mark Ashoura.
In Iraq, a spate of bombings in Baghdad and a small town to the north
killed two pilgrims and wounded eight who were headed to Ashoura
ceremonies in Karbala, home of Imam's Hussein's shrine. The 10 were
among hundreds of thousands who thronged Karbala to mark Ashoura.
Sunni insurgents have consistently targeted Shiite pilgrims with
bombings, rockets and mortars since the 2003 ouster of Saddam Hussein, a
Sunni who was hanged in 2006.
In Lebanon, tens of thousands of black-clad Shiites walked in a
procession in Hezbollah's stronghold south of Beirut, many beating their
chests in mourning.
Addressing the crowds, Nasrallah praised an Arab decision to halt peace
talks with Israel, saying the only option remaining is armed resistance
against the Jewish state.
His remarks came a day after Arab foreign ministers rejected any
Israel-Palestinian peace talks before the US takes a firm stance on the
future borders of a Palestinian state.
Nasrallah says Arab leaders finally realized that talks with Israel are "dead."
Nasrallah, who lives in hiding, spoke through a video link.
"The negotiations have ended, and the settlement has died and turned
into cadavers, but many still refuse to acknowledge its death," he said.
"There is no choice for this (Arab) nation but to recover land dignity and holy sites through resistance," he said.
Karzai, the Afghan president, spoke at a mosque in the Afghan capital ,
Kabul, to honor the day. He told the gathering that the message of
Ashoura is one of peace and urged insurgent groups to embrace that
"I want to use this opportunity and call on our brothers to come and
join the peace process and do their best to bring peace and stability to
our country and our region," said Karzai.