UN envoy: Syria risks becoming failed state

Lakhdar Brahimi warns of Syria's potential collapse and subsequent transformation into a new Somalia.

By REUTERS
November 6, 2012 12:24
1 minute read.
UN peace envoy for Syria Lakhdar Brahimi.

Arab League Syria envoy Lakhdar Brahimi 370 (R). (photo credit: REUTERS)

 
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BEIRUT - The international envoy for Syria fears the country could turn into a new Somalia unless its crisis is resolved, warning of a scenario in which warlords and militia fill a void left by a collapsed state.

In an interview with the London-based al-Hayat newspaper, veteran Algerian diplomat Lakhdar Brahimi played down the risk of sectarian and ethnic partition of Syria, but said: "What I am afraid of is worse...the collapse of the state and that Syria turns into a new Somalia."

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The Horn of Africa country has been without effective central government since the outbreak of civil war in 1991.

"People are talking about the risk of partition in Syria. I do not see partition," said Brahimi, who was appointed as UN-Arab League envoy to Syria in August to replace former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan.

"I believe that if this issue is not dealt with correctly, the danger is 'Somalisation' and not partition: the collapse of the state and the emergence of warlords, militias and fighting groups."

Asked how long the conflict could go on, Brahimi said: "Everyone must face a bitter, difficult and scary truth: that this type of crisis - if not dealt with correctly day by day - can go on for a year, two years and more."

"I hope that it doesn't go on for this period, and it might not if everyone inside and outside (Syria) does what he should."



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Speaking in Cairo on Sunday, Brahimi called on world powers to adopt a UN Security Council resolution based on an understanding brokered by Annan in Geneva in June which called for the establishment of a transitional government in Syria.

Russia and China have blocked three previous draft UN Security Council resolutions that would have added to international pressure on Assad. The Geneva Declaration did not specify what role, if any Assad would play in a future Syria.

Brahimi said: "Yes, the Security Council is divided. What is required is that the Geneva agreement be translated into a resolution."

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