WASHINGTON – The United States, France and Britain made final preparations to
attack Syria on Wednesday, but American officials insist that US President
Barack Obama, leading the coalition, has not yet decided how best to
Obama and his counterparts have agreed, however, that “there
must be a response” to last week’s massacre in a Damascus suburb, White House
press secretary Jay Carney told journalists on Tuesday.
The West believes
that the devastating attack, which led to the deaths of over a thousand
civilians, was the result of chemical warfare.
“We cannot allow this kind
of violation of an international norm,” Carney said.
say “there is very little doubt” that Syrian President Bashar Assad perpetrated
the attack, and have told rebels that an attack could come within
Participants at a meeting in Istanbul told Reuters that US and
other diplomats warned Syrian opposition leaders on Monday to expect action that
would punish Assad for alleged poison gas attacks – and to be ready to negotiate
if his government sues for peace.
US Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel told
the BBC that the US military is “ready to go... with whatever option the
president wishes to take.”
“This is about the large-scale, indiscriminate
use of weapons that the civilized world, long ago, decided must never be used at
all,” US Secretary of State John Kerry said on Monday.
comments were intended to lay the groundwork for the moral case for
intervention, an American official told The Jerusalem Post.
Obama believes there must be accountability for those who would use the world’s
most heinous weapons against the world’s most vulnerable people,” he
While no order has been issued by the US president, his national
security staff and cabinet have been told to operate under the assumption that
he will move forward with the strike in the coming days.
NATO began preparing a statement on Syria for release, while British Prime
Minister David Cameron recalled Parliament for a crisis vote. His spokesman said
that plans were being drawn up for possible military action.
the French Foreign Ministry vowed not to “shirk its responsibilities,” with one official saying that France was “on
board” with taking action without unanimous support from the United Nations
French President Francois Hollande said he was “ready
to punish” Assad, citing a 2005 UN provision for international action to protect
civilians from their own government. Similar arguments were used by NATO to bomb
Russian ally Serbia after the killing of civilians in Serbia’s then-province of
Similarly, the Turkish government, a NATO member, called for
action against Assad for what it called a “crime against
However, Obama has experienced pushback from military
officials, sources say, possibly delaying a decision on whether or not to strike
until next week, before Obama joins other world leaders at the G20 Summit in St.
The summit sets a tense stage for Russia and the US,
whose leaders have exchanged sharp words over how to proceed in the Syrian
crisis. Peace talks on Syria set for the Hague, coordinated by the two powers,
were postponed on Tuesday.
Russian officials said on Monday that military
action would have devastating consequences for the entire Middle East, and would
be a repeat of grave mistakes made by the US in the past, in an allusion to its
invasion of Iraq in 2003.
Obama is set to declassify an intelligence
report this week, put together by his national security team at his request,
proving “incontrovertibly” that chemical weapons were used by Assad against his
own people on a massive scale on August 21 in the Damascus suburb of Ghouta,
That report will be presented as both a moral and legal
basis for any potential military response.
A US government official told
The Jerusalem Post
on Tuesday that all military options currently under
consideration by Obama against Syria are aimed at punishing the perpetrators of
last week’s chemical attack outside Damascus, as well as inhibiting their
ability to conduct further gas attacks.
“The purpose is a response to the
use of chemical weapons,” the official said. “We are not contemplating any
action aimed at regime change.”
The White House has reiterated that the
president does not believe there is a military solution to the Syrian civil war,
and added that “a decision about the use of military force has not been made” in
response to last week’s events.
Assad has said that the civil war in his
country can only be won “on the battlefield.”
Western allies will likely
coordinate the attack to avoid launching a military campaign in the Middle East
on Islam’s day of prayer, Jumu’ah, on Friday.
Therefore, if the attack is
to last several days, it could begin as soon as Saturday or, alternatively,
within the next 24 hours.
Obama and Cameron have reached out to the
leaders of other allied nations, including Australia’s Prime Minister Kevin Rudd
and Canada’s Stephen Harper, who both shared “grave concern” over
Harper said that he believes that “significant use of chemical
weapons merits a firm response from the international community in an effective
and timely manner,” his spokesman Andrew Mac- Dougall said in a
statement.Reuters contributed to this report