is a former Jerusalem Post editorial page editor, and is now contributing editor
to Jewish Ideas Daily (www.jewishideasdaily.com), where this article was first
With July 4 behind them, Americans can look forward to closing out the summer
season with Labor Day on September 5. All told, they will enjoy 10 national
holidays. Across the Atlantic, Britons will have nine “bank holidays” in 2012;
Germans 11; French 10; and Italians 12. And, of course, in each of these
countries, people have the leisure of weekends from the close of business on
Friday until Monday morning.
In Israel, however, Sunday is the start of
the work week.
On the face of it, Israelis otherwise enjoy an almost
equally bountiful number of off days: eight. On closer inspection, however, it
turns out that all but one of these are religious holidays – Yom Kippur, Rosh
Hashanah, and so on – the singular exception being Independence Day.
immigrants to Israel from Western countries (particularly those who are
observant) are likely to confess that the absence of Sundays off has made for a
difficult cultural adjustment.
But as Israelis are not obliged to work on
Fridays, don’t they already have a two-day weekend? Not really. For one, Friday
is a regular school day in Israel. Banks are open; so is the post office.
Building goes on at construction sites, and sanitation workers collect garbage.
There are no reliable figures for how many Israelis have Fridays off, but even
for those fortunate enough to have the day to themselves, Fridays can still feel
frenetic with sidurim (chores) like supermarket shopping, running errands, and
preparing for the Sabbath before the shops close early.
Sabbath-observers, the “day of rest” can take on its own hectic quality, with
morning and afternoon synagogue services, family meals, and lots of
While observant Jews do not travel, secular Israelis without
automobiles must make do with taxis or stay close to home, because in most
places there is little in the way of public transportation. Additionally, most
shops, restaurants and places of entertainment are closed.
chairman Natan Sharansky has long campaigned to make Sunday a day of leisure.
His thought is that sharing Sundays off would reduce social and religious
tensions and create opportunities for positive interaction between observant and
Arguing that Israel needs to be in synch with the
global economy, Likud Party powerbroker Silvan Shalom has also long been
committed to the five-day workweek with Sundays off. Why should Tel Aviv’s stock
market be closed when everyone else’s is trading (on Friday) and open (on
Sunday) when world markets are closed? His plan would have Israelis work until
noon on Fridays and make up the difference with slightly longer hours Monday
through Thursday. There would be a five-day school week with longer hours. The
result, Shalom predicts, would be a calmer, more harmonious country.
two Likud Knesset members, Ze’ev Elkin and Yariv Levin, have introduced
legislation along the lines proposed by Shalom. Their angle is that changing
demographics – increasing numbers of religiously observant Israelis –have
provided a fresh economic incentive for a Sunday that would encourage this
sector to spend money on cultural activities, sporting events, and at the
Many, but plainly not all, native-born Israelis are willing to go
along with the idea. Israel’s secular majority prefers not working on Shabbat
(though 12 percent do).
On the other hand, younger secular Israelis,
having found workarounds to mandated Shabbat closings, feel as though they
already have a normal two-day weekend and have no great desire to exchange
Friday for Sunday.
While some in the national religious sector have long
favored the Sunday option, others are more wary. They like the idea of having a
day off to do some of the same things their secular friends do, but worry that
they will not have enough time, after working a shortened Friday, to prepare for
Shabbat or travel to distant family before sundown. Others are dubious that
having Sundays off will actually reduce desecration of the Sabbath. And the more
insular ultra-Orthodox are vehemently opposed to Sundays on the grounds that it
is a Christian rest day. Last but not least, Muslim citizens (some 16% of the
population) are also less than keen to have to work on Fridays, since it is the
only day when believers are obligated to offer midday prayers communally in a
THE ECONOMIC impact of making the switch will likely carry the
greatest weight. Finance Minister Yuval Steinitz worries that a five-day
workweek, with Sunday off, would result in Fridays being fretted away,
especially in the short days of the winter months. In effect, Israel would be
transitioning to a four-day workweek. Better to officially transform Fridays to
the start of a two-day weekend, says Steinitz. On the other hand, the country’s
hoteliers support the Sunday scheme, as do the Manufacturers Association,
Chamber of Commerce, and teachers’ unions. Bank of Israel Governor Stanley
Fischer has not come out publicly on the issue, but is reportedly
The same is said of Histadrut labor federation chief Ofer
Following the old adage “when in doubt, form a committee,”
Netanyahu has appointed Eugene Kandel, head of his National Economic Council, to
chair a panel that will look into the matter.
No one doubts that frazzled
Israelis could use the down time of a real Sunday. Who would not savor a
post-Shabbat sunset knowing that they have the next day off? But creating a real
Sunday weekend would require radical cultural adaptations, major revamping of
the school calendar, and tortuous amending of the nation’s labor
The “peace process” may be an easier undertaking.