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In his book Imagining Zion, Prof. Ilan Troen discusses some of the pre-state dreams of the early pioneers which never materialized. One of these was the construction of an opera house in Afula. Today, almost 80 years later, the idea of a major opera house in Afula probably seems even more far-fetched than it did then.
But many opera houses in Afula have been built during the past 50 years – although they are not called opera houses, nor are they in Afula. One of them, as unimaginable at the time it was created as was the idea of the opera house, celebrates its 40th anniversary tomorrow. Ben-Gurion University of the Negev will commemorate 40 years since the first classes were held in the then-remote and isolated town of Beersheba, far from the centers of culture and literacy in Tel Aviv and Jerusalem.
It started under the auspices of senior professors at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, but during the relatively short period of 40 years has established its own international status, partly drawing on its location as the university of the desert. BGU has developed an international reputation for its research into arid regions, the efficient use of water, exporting its expertise from the desert campus of Sde Boker to other desert regions from China to Africa.
For 16 of those 40 years, the university became associated with one man – professor (now minister) Avishay Braverman. Arriving at a university which was still surrounded by a broken wire fence and a campus which had more open and desolate spaces than buildings, Braverman succeeded, in his brash and independent way, in creating a campus which has become second to none in its environment, its diverse academic programs and its international status. Like or dislike the man, his boots have proven to be almost impossible to fill since his departure. Vision and academic leadership have largely been replaced by managers for whom the slogans “efficiency” and “balance sheets” have become more important.
The fact that Braverman’s replacement as president, Prof. Rivka Carmi, is the country’s first female university leader, is an important social statement which needs to be copied by many other public institutions – gender equality in practice and not just as a politically correct slogan.
THE NATURE of tomorrow’s festivity is not a conference or a gathering of scholars. It is a festive parade through the streets of Beersheba, aimed at highlighting the links between the university and the community. BGU prides itself as the most socially aware university in the country, with a wide range of programs which reach out to the local population – the poor neighborhoods of Beersheba and the surrounding development towns, as well as the local Beduin communities. This is particularly noticeable in such departments as social work and education, or through the Center for Beduin Studies – training and empowering social workers and teachers from the local communities who, it is hoped, will then return to their communities to pass on their knowledge.
BGU also has a high percentage of its students engaged in the Perach program, where students work with children from disadvantaged backgrounds, in return for which part of their tuition is covered. Many of the students, a large percentage of whom come from other areas, reside in apartment blocks close to the university while some of the more enterprising have opened small restaurants and bars in these areas.
But what you see from here is not always the same as what you see from
there. For most residents of these neighborhoods, the campus remains a
gated and fenced-in community which, with the exception of the many
menial laborers who work there, is only seen from their apartment
windows or from the bus.
The plan to construct a library of
the Negev, which would have served the local community as much as the
students and faculty, was – along with the intention to create the
country’s fifth law school – scrapped some years ago due to the
changing financial climate.
BGU has also become a major center
for social and political debate. The Ben-Gurion Research Institute at
the Sde Boker campus is a focus for research into the changing
political values and institutions of the state since the
pre-independence period. By contrast, the Faculty of Social Sciences
and Humanities in the sociology, politics and Middle Eastern
departments, has become a place where many of the traditional state
ideologies and myths are questioned, engaging a more critical and
global generation of students.
The Humanities Faculty also hosts
the country’s leading department of Hebrew and Israeli literature,
including such authors as Amos Oz, Haim Beer and Nissim Calderon among
its staff, while the university’s only Israel Prize recipient, Prof.
Gerald Blidstein, a world expert on Maimonides, reflects the immense
contribution of BGU in shaping the cultural and philosophical agenda of
The generation of university founders, the fresh
young doctoral students of the late 1960s and early 1970s, are now
retiring. The leadership of the university is gradually being taken
over by younger and more globally orientated scholars, while the
retirees (budget cuts allowing) are being replaced by fresh young
faculty who will shape the next 40 years. If, during the next four
decades, the university has half as much impact on the region and the
country’s public and social agenda as it has in the past four, the
opera house of the Negev will have emerged as much more than just a
dream.The writer was elected
as the next Dean of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at
Ben-Gurion University on Monday. He is professor of political geography
at the university and editor of the
International Journal of Geopolitics.