AIPAC conference 521.
(photo credit: Reuters)
Security is always heavy around the annual American Israel Public Affairs
Committee (AIPAC) policy conference, but with the presidents of the United
States and Israel and the Israeli prime minister in attendance and an uptick in
Iranian terrorism and a foiled Arab suicide bombing inside the US Capitol, look
for it to be even tighter this year.
The terror threat will reinforce the
message of AIPAC and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu: Stop Iran Now.
series of attacks on Israelis lately in India, Thailand, Georgia and Azerbaijan
have been traced to Iran, which is said to be looking for high value targets in
the wake of the assassination of one of its nuclear scientists, which it blames
on Israel. None come higher than that country’s top officials and the pro-Israel
President Obama’s greatest challenge next week will be keeping
Netanyahu from turning the conference into a war rally aimed at tying American
hands and giving Israel a free hand to attack Iran at a time of its choosing and
dragging the United States into another Middle East conflict. Republicans are
barking at Obama’s heels accusing him of being too soft on Iran and too tough on
Israel, and three GOP presidential hopefuls are telling Netanyahu he has their
backing if he decides to attack Iran’s nuclear facilities.
Iran has been
AIPAC’s number one issue for two decades, and when its thousands of members
spread out across Capitol Hill on Tuesday to lobby their senators and
representatives, their top assignment will be getting sponsors for a new Senate
resolution seeking to lower the threshold for going to war. The non-binding
resolution – initiated by Senators Joe Lieberman (I-Connecticut), Lindsay Graham
(R-South Carolina) and Robert Casey (D-Pennsylvania) – aims to move the red line
for an American attack from Iran “acquiring” nuclear weapons to having the
“capability” to do so. That is Israel’s standard and it wants Washington to
publicly adopt it as well.
The resolution stops just short of threatening
military action, but Lieberman leaves no doubt what he has in mind. The message
to Iran, he said, is, “you have only two choices – peacefully negotiate” an end
to your program or “expect a military strike.”
Even more than in past
years, the call to arms is meant to intensify pressure on Iran. President
Obama has said all options are on the table, but Republicans insist that’s not
enough – for Iran to take the military threat seriously it must see visible
preparations for an attack. They’re telling Obama he should give full backing
for whatever Israel decides.
That conflicts with what the Pew Research
Center found in its recent polling. While 58 percent of Americans support using
military force, if necessary, to prevent Iran from getting nuclear weapons, only
40% support such action by Israel and half would want to remain neutral in that
Obama will address AIPAC on Sunday and will stress America’s
“ironclad” commitment to Israel’s security, his record of support and his
determination to keep Iran out of the nuclear club.
The two leaders meet
Monday at the White House, and the president is expected to tell Netanyahu the
international sanctions are working and urge him not to attack Iran this year.
Reports from both capitals say Obama will seek advance warning of an Israeli
attack, and Netanyahu will turn him down.
Senior diplomatic, intelligence
and security officials have been going back and forth between Washington and
Jerusalem quite a bit lately. The Americans have been urging patience and the
Israelis, at least at the political level, are saying it’s later than you
Behind the unusual media coverage of these exchanges is said to be
an American concern that their message isn’t getting through in private so it is
necessary to go public. And it’s clear there is little trust on either side when
it comes to Iran.
Netanyahu’s message to AIPAC will pound home his theme
that international sanctions aren’t working. Without openly calling for military
action, he will remind the audience that in the past week the UN nuclear
oversight agency reported Iran has significantly expanded its uranium enrichment
beyond levels required for peaceful production of energy and its inspectors were
refused access to a key nuclear facility.
Obama has the strong backing of
the former heads of Israel’s security services, who share his opposition to a
preemptive strike. And Netanyahu has the backing of Republicans trying to
make support for Israel a partisan wedge issue in the presidential
Some observers in Israel and Washington say if Netanyahu opts
for an attack before the November it will be as much for political as strategic
reasons. He is believed to feel that if he strikes before the presidential
election, Obama, who Republicans and some in the Jewish community accuse of not
being supportive enough of Israel, would have little choice but to stand with
him no matter how much the attack damages US interests. But after November it
would be a far riskier game for the Israeli prime minister.
will have the AIPAC audience and many politicians cheering the war talk, but he
also knows the American people don’t want another Middle East war. They can’t
ignore the danger of terrorism, attacks on American interests in the region,
igniting an oil crisis and setting back the global economic recovery, all
possible repercussions of an Israeli attack.
As he makes his decision on
going to war, Netanyahu also has to consider his country’s security in terms of
the long-range impact on bilateral relations if the American public blames
Israel for dragging us into war.