With the new deal between Israel and Hamas to release captive soldier Gilad Schalit in return for 1,027 Palestinian prisoners – the majority of whom are serving multiple life sentences for their participation in acts described as terrorist attacks against Israeli targets – there is a need for greater Israeli understanding of what these prisoners mean to Palestinian society.Israelis’ views are limited to reports on the number of people each prisoner killed or assisted in killing. This may be normal in in other living conditions, but not in a conflict like the Israeli-Palestinian situation. Israelis are not able to see these prisoners as anything but killers or murders.The writer is an aid worker and a native of the Gaza Strip.Many Israelis, including political leaders, are not aware of the Palestinian position regarding prisoners in Israeli jails.The vast majority of Israelis consider all elements of the Palestinian struggle as terrorist acts, but the Palestinians consider armed struggle the only path to liberty.Throughout decades of Israeli occupation, more than 250,000 Palestinians have been arrested and spent time in Israeli jails. These prisoners include young and old, men and women, liberals and fundamentalists, Muslims and Christians, university professors and illiterates, doctors and cancer patients, lawyers and thieves, and Palestinians who hold Palestinian, Israeli, Jordanian, US and French nationalities. The list even includes people with no nationality at all.During their imprisonment, many Palestinians have continued their education and earned diplomas from Israeli universities. As such, there is no stigma attached to Palestinians who have served prison terms in Israel.Released prisoners are seen as heroes in all sectors of Palestinian society. Palestinians refer to Israeli prisons in their literature as “Bastilles” or “Colleges of Struggle.”The Palestinian public sympathizes strongly with the prisoner movement.One of the main reasons for this sympathy is the fact is that almost every Palestinian family has had a member in these jails. Another is that prisoners were practically the only sector that could break the political boundaries between the warring political groups. Prisoners could lead an initiative to end the dispute between Hamas and Fatah that was accepted by all parties outside the prisons.Prisoners are considered leaders in the political parties. Many of the commanders of the security forces in the Palestinian territories have been arrested by Israel. Some of the Palestinian negotiators were prisoners. Even some Palestinian members of the Geneva Peace initiative were prisoners.The prisoners being released in the coming days will be greeted by non-stop celebrations, gatherings, congratulatory delegations and workshops. Their families have already begun preparations to find them brides so they can start normal lives and build families. This is not going to be difficult, because of the age of the prisoners and because many young Palestinian women consider such unions a mark of pride and honor.Gaza, meanwhile, has made special preparations to receive the West Bank prisoners who will live in Gaza as per the swap details. This is going to be hard with the ongoing housing problem there, resulting from construction materials not being allowed into Gaza. At least one West Bank family has come to Gaza to receive their son. Many other families will make the long trip via Jordan and Egypt and most will consider moving to Gaza permanently.The support for prisoners among Palestinians is not a temporary phenomenon that will end weeks or months after the swap. It is traditional to read poems in praise of the struggle and steadfastness of the prisoners.There are dozens of songs dedicated to them.Political parties consider the prisoners’ leverage when gauging public opinion.Hamas is holding out hopes that this deal will bring a turnaround similar to the 2006 elections, a boost to its popularity in Gaza after years of deterioration in the organization’s popularity in Gaza after taking over the Gaza Strip in 2007 following its 2007 takeover of the area.Many parties are waiting to benefit from this swap, but most Gaza residents are dreaming today of the end of the siege now that Gilad Schalit is no longer held prisoner here. For us, the main question that remains is how long Gazans will have to wait to hear the whistle of ships anchored in the Gaza port.