Ahmadinejad at NPT 311.
(photo credit: AP)
The term “reassessment” entered the diplomatic discourse between Israel and the United States in 1975. Secretary of state Henry Kissinger sought to pressure prime minister Yitzhak Rabin into an “interim agreement” with Egypt, by which IDF forces would withdraw from the Yom Kippur War cease-fire lines to the Mitla and Gidi passes in Sinai. Kissinger froze US arms shipments and hinted that more drastic measures would follow. Rabin was unfazed and took his case to the Senate. President Gerald Ford and Kissinger relented.
Even at the height of that crisis, the US did not dare to endanger the heart of its strategic understanding with Israel: its ambiguous nuclear policy. President Lyndon Johnson and prime minister Golda Meir set the policy in 1969 that has been followed by all the presidents and prime ministers since. This policy has often been articulated in written agreements between them, but occasionally simply by mutual understanding.
“Israel will not be the first to introduce nuclear weapons to the
Middle East,” said prime ministers Levi Eshkol and Shimon Peres, Golda
Meir and Yitzhak Rabin, and all who followed. US presidents have come
and gone; sometimes they had questions, sometimes they asked for
clarifications, but ultimately they all accepted the formula and agreed
to abide by it. Until Barack Obama.
After his election, Obama promised Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu to
maintain the ambiguity. Two weeks ago he betrayed that promise.
On May 28, the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference,
which meets once every five years, called unanimously – with America’s
support – for Israel to sign the treaty and open its nuclear
installations to external supervision. Israel is not a signatory to the
treaty; Iran is
a signatory, yet Iran is rushing
toward production of nuclear weapons. Syria and Libya are signatories,
but their signatures have not prevented them from building uranium
enrichment plants for military purposes.
North Korea built a bomb and tests nuclear weapons, mocking the entire
world supposedly opposed to it. Pakistani scientists, led by the
“father of the Pakistan’s nuclear bomb” Abdul Qadeer Khan, sold nuclear
secrets and technology necessary for the building of nuclear weapons to
Iran, Syria, Libya and possibly North Korea. In the face of this
burgeoning industry, the US gave in to an Egyptian initiative and
agreed to single out Israel as the country the world should be worried
about. Israel alone was mentioned in the NPT Review Committee’s report.
Apparently only its installations need to be examined.
THE TIME has come for a reassessment of US-Israeli relations. Israel
may want the billions of dollars it receives in military aid from the
US, and in the event of a long war, it may need the US munitions
reserves currently stored here and resupply lines for the IDF; the US
market is also of great importance for the economy; and US intervention
often limits our international isolation. But the fact is, we can no
longer rely on US support.
We must reassess the value of all American promises, whether they be in
writing, made ceremoniously at public festivities or whispered
privately in a room of the White House. He who, without batting an
eyelash, betrayed us on the nuclear issue, a matter whose existential
importance to the Jewish state is obvious given the Iranian dash for a
bomb, will not hesitate to deny other commitments.
Obama is currently pressuring Israel to accept dictates that would lead
to a Palestinian state in the heart of its country. In return, he
offers to guarantee our security, preserve our technological advantage
and ensure the Palestinian state will be demilitarized. Why would
anyone be willing to take existential risks while relying on the
commitment of an American president who has betrayed and denied the
commitments of his predecessors and forgotten even his own?
One might think that as our military and political situation worsens,
our ability to maneuver opposite the US decreases. But with our back to
the wall and knowing full well that we have no one to rely on, we can
turn this lack of maneuverability into resoluteness and the dearth of
options into strength. When doubts are resolved, fortitude may emerge.
The knowledge that American promises are without value is of itself
quite valuable. Even a pauper will not agree to give the little he has
in exchange for a guarantee openly declared to be worthless.
Obama is no more frightening than Ford. Hillary Clinton dislikes us no
more than Kissinger did. The sea we are threatened with being thrown
into is the same sea. The Arabs are the same Arabs. But the wall our
backs are up against is much closer and more dangerous. The depth of
Obama’s betrayal must be made known to the American public today. As
the November elections approach in the United States, Netanyahu has the
opportunity to replicate Rabin’s achievement of 1975. The writer is a National Union MK.