Shalom friends,

Traveling on the Carmel mountain range is a great opportunity to learn about and enjoy beautiful landscapes, important historical events, prehistoric caves, and settlements of unique religious sects.
The evergreen Carmel Mountain rises close to the Mediterranean Sea and creates a beautiful combination of green trees and blue water, a big bay and a glorious mountain.

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Mount Carmel by the sea
 Picture: Zvi Roger, Haifa Municipality - The Spokesperson

There is much evidence that shows that the Carmel Mountain was inhabited in prehistoric eras beginning approximately a million years ago. In the twentieth century, scientists uncovered the remains of a Neanderthal, Homo sapiens, and early modern humans, including the skeleton of a Neanderthal female, which is regarded as one of the most important human fossils ever found. The modern traveler can visit the caves and learn how our prehistoric ancestors lived.
In the Bible, the Carmel Mountain symbolized beauty and fertility. It is also best known as the site of Elijah’s confrontation with the prophets of the Ba’al. On Mount Carmel Elijah confronted the Pagan priests, who placed a sacrifice on their alter waiting for their Gods’ miracle to burn the sacrifice. After they failed to do that, Elijah asked to water-soak his sacrifice, the alter, and the surrounding area and then called on G-d. The fire of G-d fell from the sky and consumed the offering, the wood, the stones and the dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench (1 Kings 18). This confrontation is believed to have taken place at one of the highest points of the mountain, known as El-Maharrakah (המוחרקה, קֶרֶן כַּרְמֶל), meaning the burning. Therefore, the Carmelite Order built a monastery at that magnificent point and placed a sculpture of Elijah there.

     
Elijah’s sculpture in the monastery, Muchraka
Picture: Avishay Ticher
 
Nowadays, the Carmel mountain range is the home of Jews, Druze, Christians, Muslims, Baha’is, and Ahmadiyyas. A big area of the mountain was pronounced a National Park. It is covered with wild and planted forests and enjoys relatively much precipitation, resulting in year-round beauty, painted in green and the colors of bloom. In spite of many huge fires in the area, nature never gives up and the plants regenerate and bloom year after year. Inside the park there is a wild-animal reserve, called The Chai-Bar (חי-בר) that helps wild animals that disappeared from the area return and readjust to their life there.
The Carmel Mountain range is a beautiful place to visit, enjoy nature, explore unique holy places and admire one of the most beautiful cities – Haifa.

                

לְהִתְרָאוֹת בַּכַּרְמֶל,
Lehitra’ot baCarmel,
See you in the Carmel,

שִׁירָה כֹּהֵן-רֶגֶב
Shira Cohen-Regev
The eTeacherHebrew Team

 

HO-EN-NL-103-Hebew Words



רֶכֶס-הָרִים
Transcription:  rexes harim
Translation: mountain range

 




שְׁמוּרַת-טֶבַע
Transcription:  shmurat teva
Translation: Nature Reserve

 
 

יְרוֹק-עַד
Transcription:  yerok ad
Translation: evergreen  
    

 

Hebrew Verses

וָאָבִיא אֶתְכֶם אֶל-אֶרֶץ הַכַּרְמֶל, לֶאֱכֹל פִּרְיָהּ וְטוּבָהּ  (יִרְמְיָהוּ ב', ז') 

And I brought you into a land of the Carmel, to eat the fruit thereof and the good thereof. (Jeremiah 2:7)


וְאֵלִיָּהוּ עָלָה אֶל-רֹאשׁ הַכַּרְמֶל, וַיִּגְהַר אַרְצָה, וַיָּשֶׂם פָּנָיו, בֵּין בִּרְכָּו. (מְלָכִים א' י"ח, מ"ב)  

And Elijah went up to the top of Carmel; and he bowed himself down upon the earth, and put his face between his knees.(1Kings 18:32)
 
                                       





Hebew Names


כַּרְמֶל  
Name:     Carmel (Karmel)          Carmel
Gender:     Male / Female
Meaning:     A place of vineyards and orchards; roasted grains. 
History:     Carmel is the name of a mountain ridge, where the city of Haifa is located today. The prophet Elijah: "So Ahab sent unto all the children of Israel, and gathered the prophets together unto mount Carmel." 1 Kings 18,20  
 




   



אֵלִיָּהוּ  
Name: Elijah (Eliyahu)
Gender:  Male / Female
Meaning:  The name is composed of the word אלי (eli, “my God”) and the letters יהו (the name of God). 
History: Elijah the Tishbite was a prophet in Israel in the time of King Ahab. 

Citation: “And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead, said unto Ahab, As the Lord God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word.” 1 Kings 17, 1





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