The rain hasn't yet begun to fall, but it's officially wintertime in Jerusalem. All the signs are in place, from the trays of jelly-filled sufganiyot (Hanukkah doughnuts) that line the bakery shelves to the menorahs, or hanukkiyot (as they're called in Hebrew) adorned with candles, to winter menus of savory stews and soups. True, it would be nice to have a drop of rain or a drop in temperature and be able to don a heavy coat or sweater, to make the season seem a tad more real, but Jerusalemites are eager to officially usher in the winter.
While at the best of times Jerusalem winters are short, they are nevertheless filled with chilly, rainy days that lend themselves to typically Jerusalem winter activities. Eating heavy, ethnic foods is one; tramping along cold cobblestones to see winter-only sights is another. Yet a wintry Middle East offers pleasures unavailable in more northern climes, such as wintertime strawberries and spring-like wildflowers, doughnut hunts and warming kube soup.
Some of these activities are known to all, others may not seem specific to winter. But if you consider the time of year when they're available, you'll see that it makes sense to partake of these top ten over the next few months, before Purim and Passover come around.1. Take a menorah tour
Lighting candles in the ultra-orthodox neighborhood of Mea Sharim in Jerusalem.
It's time to wander along the paths, alleyways and winding streets of Nachlaot and the Old City's Jewish Quarter neighborhoods. These two areas around Jerusalem's downtown are small in size, but packed with families who take their Hanukkah candle lighting very seriously.
Nearly any Jerusalem neighborhood will offer an array of lit menorahs, but Nachlaot and the Jewish Quarter offer the most "shamash for your shekel." (The shamash is the candle used to light all the other candles on the menorah.)2. Jerusalem Lights the Night, Tower of David Museum
It's a sound and light show Jerusalem-style, and it's perfectly suited to Hanukkah, the holiday whose theme centers around light. The walls of the ancient citadel serve as the stage for this nighttime show that uses sight and sound to stimulate the audience.
Seating is scattered among the archeological remains of the citadel's courtyard, from where spectators watch the story of Jerusalem unfold via giant, virtual reality images that play across the walls.
The Night Spectacular uses trompe l'oeil technology, allowing the stones of the walls and structures to fade into the scenes being viewed. You'll jump from the Crusaders and Mameluks to the Turks and the British, skipping over some of the more modern history but mostly mesmerized by this 45-minute multimedia show.
3. Tracking down the best Hanukka doughnut
For some it's the old fashioned jelly doughnuts the taste the best, for others its new versions with fancy fillings.
It's an endless search in this city - natch, this country - for the best Hanukkah doughnut or sufganiya. There are those who treasure the old-fashioned jelly-filled versi
on and others who crave something new and different.
Called sufganiya from the Greek word sufgan, which means "puffed and fried" - very fitting considering both Hanukkah's call for anything fried in oil and the Greek origins of the holiday - it's a term that accurately describes the look of a sufganiya, which was originally prepared as two pieces of dough surrounding a jam filling that were fried together. Today, balls of dough are deep-fried and then injected with a filling.
Whatever your desire when it comes to fried-filled dough, it's all available in Jerusalem, if you can dedicate the time to the search. Try the standard bakery chains and stand-alone pastry shops, share a doughnut at the office, even try making your own, it's not that hard, just messy.4. Hearing Xmas Mass
Midnight mass marking the start of Christmas Day at Beit Jamal monastery. There are only about 142,000 Christians in Israel, and given Israel's Jewish majority, Christmas isn't anywhere near a national holiday. But its presence is felt in a number of ways.
For Jewish Israelis in Jerusalem, living in such close proximity to the Old City and the Christian Quarter means easy access to the Christmas Midnight Mass, held at the many churches throughout the Old City. The pews are apt to be filled with as many Jews as Christians, and the same goes for the churches in quaint Abu Gosh, the Christian Arab town just outside Jerusalem.
The public is also invited to decorate the tree at the YMCA, always a colorful expatriate scene of carol singing and tree decorating. The trees are supplied free of charge, courtesy of Jewish National Fund (JNF), which cuts down some of its Christmas grove of Arizona cypresses as part of its regular forest maintenance program.5. New Year's Eve, Sylvester style
The Hebrew term for New Year's Eve is "Sylvester," taken from the name of the saint for whom the holiday was originally celebrated. It happens that he was an anti-Semite - a Roman pope who prohibited Jews from living in Jerusalem. But his name is the Israeli title for January 1.
It may have been coined by those who emigrated from Western countries and needed a new moniker for the holiday, since the Jewish New Year is celebrated in the fall.
Interestingly, to hold onto their kashrut license, it is forbidden for most hotels to hold New Year's Eve or Sylvester celebrations, although bars and clubs have been hosting them for years, given that Israelis love any excuse for a party.6. Saturday cholent lunch
As the temperature falls, heavy comforting foods like cholent make an ideal meal.
Along with winter come the heavy, comforting foods that warm one's insides. Cholent is the Ashkenazi version of a meat and bean stew that is known as hamin among Jews of Eastern origin.
By any name, this slow-cooked stew of white beans, brisket, barley and potatoes (some trickle in a little beer), or a hamin's chicken (or beef), chickpeas, potatoes and whole eggs, will leave you replete and aching for a nap during the cold, dark afternoon.7. (Hopefully) playing in the snow
When the snow falls in Jerusalem everything grinds to a halt, and playtime begins. Occasionally, once every few years, it may snow during a Jerusalem winter. The white stuff magically falls on the streets of the holy city, with the children hoping it will be hard and not too wet, and that the temperatures will remain low enough for the snow to last, and dust the streets, trees, cars and sidewalks for days.
Of course when it does, everything grinds to a halt. School, work, traffic, Egged buses, stores, you name it, all are closed down. There appears to be only one snow plow in Jerusalem, and truthfully, who wants to go to work or school when there's a scant day of snow play to be had?
Once the snow has fallen, playtime begins, usually including friends from outside the city who want to join in the fun. So wrestle on the boots, wrap your sneaker-shod feet in plastic bags and wind a few scarves around your neck. Then head out to the parks, streets, backyards and highway dividers for some snow-time play.8. Lupine Hill in the Ella Valley
Every February, the lupines start to bloom in Jerusalem's hills. When it's still the dead of winter elsewhere and just a smattering of rainy days are still due in these parts, the winter wildflowers begin to bloom and Israelis flock to see them.
There are fields full of red and purple poppies and anemones, tiny
yellow wildflowers and the queen of them all, the purple lupine. One
small hill in the Ella Valley, just outside Jerusalem, is known as
Lupine Hill, or Givat Hatermosim in Hebrew.
It is to here that
people flock each February, walking among the clusters of lupines
studded with bunches of anemones and the occasional crocus, and
breathing in the fresh scent of wildflowers watered by the winter rains.9. A Kube Fest
bowl of kube soup - meat dumplings served in a red beet or sour green
okra broth - is a wondrous thing in the winter, when your bones may be
aching from the cold and only a hot bowl of soup will warm you inside
One of the masters of the kube is Jerusalem's Ima
Restaurant, at the base of Agrippas Street, just down the block from the
Mahane Yehuda food market that offers a selection of restaurants
serving up kube, both in soup and fried in oil.
Ima once held a
Kube Festival each January. But with its own Kube Bar set up in the
nearby market, there's no need, because now it's a Kube Festival all
year long.10. Succulent Strawberries
Jerusalemites, winter is strawberry season. Just like the seeming
unlikeliness of spring flowers in the dead of winter, so it is with
strawberries, which are only available during the Israeli winter season,
rather than in spring or summer.
that Israel is still, by and large, a seasonal produce land, there's
something special in knowing that you can have as many of the red
berries as you like all winter long, sprinkled with sugar, strewn in
pies, topping cakes, in jams, or just gracing a bowl of cereal.
become a given, served at every meal, usually available at rock-bottom
prices until, suddenly, the season is over, and it's on to summer